Article

Distúrbios do sono na epilepsia do lobo temporal

Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/2003; DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2003000600017
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT A presença de distúrbios do sono e macroestrutura do sono foi avaliada em 39 pacientes com epilepsia do lobo temporal (ELT). Sonolência foi a queixa mais frequente (85%), seguida por despertares noturnos (75%), história de crise epiléptica durante o sono (69%) e dificuldade de iniciar o sono (26%). As parassonias, síndrome de pernas inquietas, apnéia de sono e movimentos periódicos de membros inferiores foram os distúrbios de sono mais frequentes. Principais alterações da arquitetura de sono foram: fragmentação do sono, aumento do número de mudanças de estágios (100%) e do tempo acordado após o início do sono (77%) e redução do sono REM (92%). Houve correlação inversa entre a escala de sonolência de Epworth e o teste de latências múltiplas de sono (p < 0,05). Concluímos que pacientes com ELT apresentam um sono fragmentado, aumento do numero de mudanças de estágios, de despertares noturnos e do tempo acordado após o início do sono com redução do sono REM. Sonolência diurna foi uma das principais queixas dos pacientes com ELT.

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