Esclerose múltipla: estudo descritivo de suas formas clínicas em 302 casos

Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/2000; DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2000000300010
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT A esclerose múltipla é uma das causas mais comuns de incapacidade neurológica crônica em adultos jovens. Avaliamos, através de estudo retrospectivo, características epidemiológicas, formas de apresentação, manifestações clínicas, evolução e o grau de incapacitação física da esclerose múltipla em 302 pacientes. A média da idade dos pacientes foi 37,7 anos e a relação entre os gêneros foi 3,13F:1M. A média da idade no início da doença foi 29,6 anos. Duzentos e oitenta e três pacientes eram brancos (94%), 15 negros (5%) e 4 amarelos (1%). Duzentos e vinte pacientes (72%) apresentaram forma clínica tipo remitente-recorrente. Oitenta e dois pacientes (28%) apresentaram a forma progressiva (50% forma secundária e 50% forma primariamente progressiva). Os sintomas iniciais mais comuns foram sensitivos (31,7%) e ópticos (26,8%).Em relação aos sintomas evolutivos predominavam os sintomas piramidais (72,5%) e os medulares (64,9%). A média do escore do EDSS final foi 3,37 e a do NRS foi 85,17. O índice anual de surtos foi 0,45. Nossos achados coincidem com os da literatura mundial, e ressaltam que 60 pacientes (19,8%) apresentavam esclerose múltipla de forma benigna de valor prognóstico.

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