Article

Acute effects of using an electronic nicotine-delivery device (electronic cigarette) on myocardial function: comparison with the effects of regular cigarettes.

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders (Impact Factor: 1.5). 06/2014; 14(1):78. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2261-14-78
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electronic cigarettes have been developed and marketed in recent years as smoking substitutes. However, no studies have evaluated their effects on the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to examine the immediate effects of electronic cigarette use on left ventricular (LV) function, compared to the well-documented acute adverse effects of smoking.

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    Edited by Andy McEwen, 01/2014; National Center for Smoking Cessation and Training., ISBN: http://www.ncsct.co.uk/usr/pub/e-cigarette_briefing.pdf
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    ABSTRACT: The development of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) has the potential to offer a less harmful alternative for tobacco users. This clinical study was designed to characterize e-cig users' exposure to nicotine, and to investigate the acute effects of e-cigs on the hemodynamic measurements (blood pressure and heart rate) in comparison with the effects of regular smoking. Five e-cigs and one Marlboro® cigarette were randomized for twenty-three participants under two exposure scenarios from Day 1 to Day 11: half-hour controlled administration and one hour ad lib use. The nicotine plasma concentrations after 1.5h of product use (C90) were significantly lower in the users of e-cigs than of Marlboro® cigarettes. The combination of glycerin and propylene glycol as the vehicle facilitated delivery of more nicotine than glycerin alone. The heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly elevated after use of Marlboro® cigarettes, but the elevation was less after use of most of the e-cigs. Use of e-cigs had no impact on the exhaled CO levels, whereas the Marlboro® cigarette significantly increased the exhaled CO more than 8times above the baseline. In conclusion, e-cigs could be a less harmful alternative for tobacco users. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 11/2014; 71(1):24-34. DOI:10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.11.004 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AimsWe reviewed available research on the use, content and safety of electronic cigarettes (EC), and on their effects on users, to assess their potential for harm or benefit and to extract evidence that can guide future policy.Methods Studies were identified by systematic database searches and screening references to February 2014.ResultsEC aerosol can contain some of the toxicants present in tobacco smoke, but at levels which are much lower. Long-term health effects of EC use are unknown but compared with cigarettes, EC are likely to be much less, if at all, harmful to users or bystanders. EC are increasingly popular among smokers, but to date there is no evidence of regular use by never-smokers or by non-smoking children. EC enable some users to reduce or quit smoking.Conclusions Allowing EC to compete with cigarettes in the market-place might decrease smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Regulating EC as strictly as cigarettes, or even more strictly as some regulators propose, is not warranted on current evidence. Health professionals may consider advising smokers unable or unwilling to quit through other routes to switch to EC as a safer alternative to smoking and a possible pathway to complete cessation of nicotine use.
    Addiction 08/2014; 109(11). DOI:10.1111/add.12659 · 4.60 Impact Factor

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Jul 15, 2014