The undergraduate education of nurses: looking to the future.
ABSTRACT Societal change historically has presented many challenges for nursing. The challenge to nurse educators is to ensure that professional education remains relevant and keeps abreast of both societal and healthcare changes. These challenges include globalization, changing patient characteristics, science and information technology advancements, the increasing complexities of healthcare, and recent policy and economic developments. The aim of this paper is to consider possible future societal and healthcare changes and how these may impact the preparation of future graduates in general nursing. A clear understanding of these factors is essential if nursing is to meet the challenges presented by tomorrow's healthcare environment within a global context.
- SourceAvailable from: Maria Elena Flacco[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pressure ulcers still remain a significant problem in many healthcare settings. Poor knowledge and negative attitudes toward pressure ulcer prevention could undesirably affect preventive care strategies. To assess both knowledge and attitudes among nursing students on Pressure Ulcer Prevention Evidence-Based Guidelines. A multicenter cross-sectional survey was carried out from December 2012 to August 2013. The study was carried out in seven Italian nursing schools. We involved a convenience sample of nursing students (n=742) METHODS: Data were collected using two validated questionnaires to assess students' knowledge and attitudes on pressure ulcer prevention. The overall Knowledge and Attitude scores were 51.1% (13.3/26) and 76.7% (39.9/52), respectively. We found a weak correlation between total Knowledge scores and total Attitude scores (rho=0.13, p<0.001). We also observed that nursing students' year of education, training experience and number of department frequented during their clinical placement were significantly related to both the Knowledge and the Attitude total scores (p<0.05). Nursing students' knowledge on pressure ulcer prevention was relatively low. However, we observed an association between a high level of education/training experience and higher knowledge scores. Most of the participants showed high attitude scores. These results suggest that positive attitudes toward pressure ulcer prevention may contribute to the compliance with the guidelines in clinical practice. Published by Elsevier Ltd.Nurse Education Today 01/2015; 35(4). DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2014.12.020 · 1.46 Impact Factor
- BMC Health Services Research 01/2014; 14(Suppl 2):P36. DOI:10.1186/1472-6963-14-S2-P36 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The capacity to provide evidence-based practice is one of five core competencies that it is proposed all healthcare professions should possess to meet the needs of the 21st century healthcare system. New nurses are faced with a challenging work environment which, combined with shortcomings in undergraduate education and their limited clinical experience, may affect their evidence-based practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively examine the extent of Swedish nurses' evidence-based practice during the first five years of professional life. DESIGN: An observational longitudinal study, with yearly data collections over the course of five years. SETTINGS: Data was collected in two national cohorts (named EX2004 and EX2006) of Swedish registered nurses. Nurses in EX2006 were followed yearly during the first three years after graduation and nurses in EX2004 yearly three to five years after graduation. They had completed a three year academic nursing program and mainly worked in in-patient care settings. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited while studying at any of the 26 universities in Sweden. A total of 2107 (EX2006) and 2331 (EX2004) nursing students were eligible. 1207 and 1227 nurses were included in the current longitudinal samples. The nurses had a mean age of 31.2/33.9years old and a majority were female. The cohorts were representative of the general nursing population. METHODS: Data was self-reported and collected through annual postal surveys. Evidence-based practice was conceptualized as a process and measured with an instrument including six items. Data was analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. RESULTS: The extent of evidence-based practice was stable, between the two cohorts and over time. Individual differences existed and remained stable over time. However, the extent of practicing the different components of evidence-based practice on a monthly basis varied considerably, from 10% of the nurses (appraising research reports) to 80% (using information sources other than databases to search for knowledge). CONCLUSION: The extent of evidence-based practice remained unchanged during the first five years of professional life. It appears important to enhance both the contribution of undergraduate education and the contextual conditions in work life, in order to improve evidence-based practice among newly graduated nurses.International journal of nursing studies 07/2012; 49(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.07.007 · 2.25 Impact Factor