PKC epsilon Regulation of an alpha(5) Integrin-ZO-1 Complex Controls Lamellae Formation in Migrating Cancer Cells
ABSTRACT Disruption of intercellular adhesions, increased abundance of alpha(5)beta(1) integrin, and activation of protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) correlate with invasion and unfavorable prognosis in lung cancer. However, it remains elusive how these distinct factors contribute to the invasive behavior of cancer cells. Persistent cell motility requires the formation of stable lamellae at the leading edge of a migrating cell. Here, we report that the tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) preferentially interacts with alpha(5)beta(1) integrin at the lamellae of migrating cells. Disruption of ZO-1 binding to an internal PDZ-binding motif in the alpha(5) cytoplasmic tail prevented the polarized localization of ZO-1 and alpha(5) at the leading edge. Furthermore, silencing of alpha(5) integrin inhibited migration and invasion of lung cancer cells, and silencing of ZO-1 resulted in increased Rac activity and reduced directional cell motility. The formation of the alpha(5)-ZO-1 complex was dependent on PKCepsilon: Phosphorylation of ZO-1 at serine-168 regulated the subcellular localization of ZO-1 and thus controlled its association with alpha(5) integrin. In conclusion, PKCepsilon activation drives the formation of a spatially restricted, promigratory alpha(5)-ZO-1 complex at the leading edge of lung cancer cells.
SourceAvailable from: Falko Hochgräfe[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Responsiveness of cells to alpha-toxin (Hla) from Staphylococcus aureus appears to occur in a cell-type dependent manner. Here, we compare two human bronchial epithelial cell lines, i.e. Hla-susceptible 16HBE14o- and Hla-resistant S9 cells, by a quantitative multi-omics strategy for a better understanding of Hla-induced cellular programs. Phosphoproteomics revealed a substantial impact on phosphorylation-dependent signaling in both cell models and highlights alterations in signaling pathways associated with cell-cell and cell-matrix contacts as well as the actin cytoskeleton as key features of early rHla-induced effects. Along comparable changes in down-stream activity of major protein kinases significant differences between both models were found upon rHla-treatment including activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor EGFR and mitogen-activated protein kinases MAPK1/3 signaling in S9 and repression in 16HBE14o- cells. System-wide transcript and protein expression profiling indicate induction of an immediate early response in either model. In addition, EGFR and MAPK1/3-mediated changes in gene expression suggest cellular recovery and survival in S9 cells but cell death in 16HBE14o- cells. Strikingly, inhibition of the EGFR sensitized S9 cells to Hla indicating that the cellular capacity of activation of the EGFR is a major protective determinant against Hla-mediated cytotoxic effects.PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(3):e0122089. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0122089 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Integrin signaling impacts many developmental processes. The complexity of these signals increases when multiple, unique integrin heterodimers are expressed during a single developmental event. Since integrin heterodimers have different signaling capabilities, the signals originating at each integrin type must be separated in the cell. C. elegans have two integrin heterodimers, α INA-1/β PAT-3 and α PAT-2/β PAT-3, which are expressed individually or simultaneously, based on tissue type. We used chimeric α integrins to assess the role of α integrin cytoplasmic tails during development. Chimeric integrin ina-1 with the pat-2 cytoplasmic tail rescued lethality and maintained neuron fasciculation in an ina-1 mutant. Interestingly, the pat-2 tail was unable to completely restore distal tip cell migration and vulva morphogenesis. Chimeric integrin pat-2 with the ina-1 cytoplasmic tail had a limited ability to rescue a lethal mutation in pat-2, with survivors showing aberrant muscle organization, yet normal distal tip cell migration. In a wild type background, α integrin pat-2 with the ina-1 cytoplasmic tail had a dominant negative effect which induced muscle disorganization, cell migration defects and lethality. These results show the α integrin cytoplasmic tails impact unique cellular behaviors that vary by tissue type during development.The International Journal of Developmental Biology 01/2014; 58(5):325-33. DOI:10.1387/ijdb.130327cm · 2.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Coordinated cell proliferation and ability to form intercellular seals are essential features of epithelial tissue function. Tight junctions (TJs) classically act as paracellular diffusion barriers. More recently, their role in regulating epithelial cell proliferation in conjunction with scaffolding zonula occludens (ZO) proteins has come to light. The kidney collecting duct (CD) is a model of tight epithelium that displays intense proliferation during embryogenesis followed by very low cell turnover in the adult kidney. Here, we examined the influence of each ZO protein (ZO-1, -2 and -3) on CD cell proliferation. We show that all 3 ZO proteins are strongly expressed in native CD and are present at both intercellular junctions and nuclei of cultured CD principal cells (mCCDcl1). Suppression of either ZO-1 or ZO-2 resulted in increased G0/G1 retention in mCCDcl1 cells. ZO-2 suppression decreased cyclin D1 abundance while ZO-1 suppression was accompanied by increased nuclear p21 localization, the depletion of which restored cell cycle progression. Contrary to ZO-1 and ZO-2, ZO-3 expression at intercellular junctions dramatically increased with cell density and relied on the presence of ZO-1. ZO-3 depletion did not affect cell cycle progression but increased cell detachment. This latter event partly relied on increased nuclear cyclin D1 abundance and was associated with altered β1-integrin subcellular distribution and decreased occludin expression at intercellular junctions. These data reveal diverging, but interconnected, roles for each ZO protein in mCCDcl1 proliferation. While ZO-1 and ZO-2 participate in cell cycle progression, ZO-3 is an important component of cell adhesion.Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 10/2014; 13(19):3059-3075. DOI:10.4161/15384101.2014.949091 · 5.01 Impact Factor