Serum 99th centile values for two heart-type fatty acid binding protein assays.
ABSTRACT We have previously demonstrated that heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) is an independent prognostic marker for survival after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study aimed to define the 99th centile values for H-FABP as determined with two different assays, and to study the relationship with age, gender and renal function.
H-FABP was measured on redundant routine outpatient samples using the MARKIT-M (Dainippon) and the Evidence Investigator (Randox) assays.
Two hundred and forty-two subjects with Siemens Ultra-TnI value <0.045 microg/L (99th centile) were studied. In all, 174 subjects had estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 mL/min. The 99th centile values for subjects with eGFR >60 mL/min for the Evidence Investigator H-FABP were 5.3 and 5.8 microg/L and for the MARKIT-M H-FABP were 8.3 and 9.1 microg/L in female and male subjects, respectively. There is an increase in H-FABP with age in subjects with normal renal function for both assays. Gender comparison showed no significant difference for either assay. Comparison of samples showed that subjects with eGFR <60 mL/min showed a median increase of 0.71 microg/L with Evidence Investigator assay and 1.09 microg/L with MARKIT-M assay compared with subjects with eGFR >60 mL/min. Calibration differences were confirmed by cross measurement of calibrators and recombinant H-FABP.
We have defined the 99th centile values for H-FABP in a population of primary and secondary care outpatients that can be used to risk stratify patients with ACS. We have confirmed that H-FABP increases with renal dysfunction and age, but have not confirmed the gender difference previously reported.
- Clinical Lipidology 04/2014; 9(2):205-220. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chest pain is one of the most frequent reasons for presentation to the emergency department (ED), although the estimated prevalence of AMI (acute myocardial infarction) in the ED is about 4%. One criterion for diagnosis of AMI is the demonstration of a rise and/or fall in cardiac troponins, but time is needed for this to happen. Thus, the use of an additional 'early marker' of cardiac injury may aid to exclude AMI rapidly. The aim of the study was to evaluate the possibility of excluding AMI with the determination of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) on baseline samples of patients referring to the ED for chest pain. 26 AMI patients and 41 non-AMI comparisons were included in the study. Both H-FABP and high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) were measured in baseline samples from these subjects. H-FABP had a negative predictive value of 100%, thus indicating the possibility of its usage in a rule-out strategy for AMI in ED for patients presenting with chest pain.Acute Cardiac Care 11/2013;
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ABSTRACT: heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) is an early biomarker of cardiac injury. Randox Laboratories developed an immunoturbidimetric H-FABP assay for non-proprietary automated clinical chemistry analysers that could be useful in the emergency department. We verified the analytical performances claimed by Randox Laboratories on Roche Cobas 6000 clinical chemistry platform in use in our laboratory, and we defined our own 99th percentile upper reference limit for H-FABP.Clinical Biochemistry 07/2014; · 2.23 Impact Factor