Serum 99th centile values for two heart-type fatty acid binding protein assays

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Leeds General Infirmary, UK.
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.08). 07/2009; 46(Pt 6):464-7. DOI: 10.1258/acb.2009.009055
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have previously demonstrated that heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) is an independent prognostic marker for survival after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study aimed to define the 99th centile values for H-FABP as determined with two different assays, and to study the relationship with age, gender and renal function.
H-FABP was measured on redundant routine outpatient samples using the MARKIT-M (Dainippon) and the Evidence Investigator (Randox) assays.
Two hundred and forty-two subjects with Siemens Ultra-TnI value <0.045 microg/L (99th centile) were studied. In all, 174 subjects had estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 mL/min. The 99th centile values for subjects with eGFR >60 mL/min for the Evidence Investigator H-FABP were 5.3 and 5.8 microg/L and for the MARKIT-M H-FABP were 8.3 and 9.1 microg/L in female and male subjects, respectively. There is an increase in H-FABP with age in subjects with normal renal function for both assays. Gender comparison showed no significant difference for either assay. Comparison of samples showed that subjects with eGFR <60 mL/min showed a median increase of 0.71 microg/L with Evidence Investigator assay and 1.09 microg/L with MARKIT-M assay compared with subjects with eGFR >60 mL/min. Calibration differences were confirmed by cross measurement of calibrators and recombinant H-FABP.
We have defined the 99th centile values for H-FABP in a population of primary and secondary care outpatients that can be used to risk stratify patients with ACS. We have confirmed that H-FABP increases with renal dysfunction and age, but have not confirmed the gender difference previously reported.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of multiple tests-heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase-MB, and myoglobin-for the early detection of acute myocardial infarction among patients who present to the emergency department with chest pain. A total of 1128 patients provided a total of 2924 venous blood samples. Patients with chest pain were nonselected and treated according to hospital guidelines. Additional cardiac biomarkers were assayed simultaneously at serial time points using the Cardiac Array (Randox Laboratories Ltd, Crumlin, United Kingdom). Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein had the greatest sensitivity at 0 to 3 hours (64.3%) and 3 to 6 hours (85.3%) after chest pain onset. The combination of cTnI measurement with H-FABP increased sensitivity to 71.4% at 3 to 6 hours and 88.2% at 3 to 6 hours. Receiver operating characteristic curves demonstrated that H-FABP had the greatest diagnostic ability with area under the curve at 0 to 3 hours of 0.841 and 3 to 6 hours of 0.894. The specificity was also high for the combination of H-FABP with cTnI at these time points. Heart-type fatty acid-binding protein had the highest negative predictive values of all the individual markers: 0 to 3 hours (93%) and 3 to 6 hours (97%). Again, the combined measurement of cTnI with H-FABP increased the negative predictive values to 94% at 0 to 3 hours, 98% at 3 to 6 hours, and 99% at 6 to 12 hours. Testing both H-FABP and cTnI using the Cardiac Array proved to be both a reliable diagnostic tool for the early diagnosis of myocardial infarction/acute coronary syndrome and also a valuable rule-out test for patients presenting at 3 to 6 hours after chest pain onset.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 01/2011; 30(2):267-74. DOI:10.1016/j.ajem.2010.11.022 · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Lipidology 04/2014; 9(2):205-220. DOI:10.2217/clp.13.87 · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The proper diagnosis of ACS requires reliable and accurate biomarker assays to detect evidence of myocardial necrosis. Currently, troponin is the gold standard biomarker for myocardial injury and is used commonly in conjunction with creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and myoglobin to enable a more rapid diagnosis of ACS. A new generation of highly sensitive troponin assays with improved accuracy in the early detection of ACS is now available, but the correct interpretation of assay results will require a careful consideration of assay characteristics and the clinical setting prior to incorporation into routine practice. B-type natriuretic peptides, copeptin, ischemia-modified albumin, heart-type fatty-acid-binding protein, myeloperoxidase, C-reactive protein, choline, placental growth factor, and growth-differentiation factor-15 make up a promising group of other biomarkers that have shown the ability to improve prognosis and diagnosis of ACS compared with traditional markers.
    04/2012; 159(4):252-64. DOI:10.1016/j.trsl.2011.11.002