Disseminated infection with Bartonella henselae in a lung transplant recipient.
ABSTRACT We present the case of a lung transplant recipient with disseminated infection with Bartonella henselae. In non-immunosuppressed humans, the organism typically causes a local infection that manifests itself as regional lymphadenopathy. The role of the host immune response to B henselae is critical in preventing progression to systemic disease. Only rare cases of bartonellosis in transplant recipients have been reported. We discuss aspects and difficulties of diagnosis and treatment of bartonellosis in a lung transplant recipient who suffered from a severe multisystem involvement of this disease. In our case, the initial response to therapy was unsatisfying and necessitated an extended anti-infective combination therapy, which eventually was successful.
Article: Cutaneous bacillary angiomatosis in renal transplant recipients: report of three new cases and literature review.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a rare vasculoproliferative disorder due to Bartonella henselae (BH) or Bartonella quintana. It can involve many organs, including the skin, and has been mainly reported in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In organ transplant recipients (OTR), this disorder remains misdiagnosed and therapeutic guidelines are nonexistent. We report 3 cases of BA with skin involvement in OTR and review similar cases from the literature. BA manifests on the skin with violaceous lesions mimicking Kaposi sarcoma, and is associated with fever, lymphadenopathy, and liver, spleen, or lung nodules. Bartonellosis infections in OTR are due to BH, the agent causing cat-scratch disease (CSD), but BA comprises histologically a prominent vascular proliferation, which is usually lacking in CSD. Cultures and serologic tests are poorly reliable for the diagnosis, which relies on demonstration of BH within the lesions. A history of cat exposure exists in most cases and pediatric OTR are at higher risk. Prevention consists of regular use of a flea-control product in cats and prompt cleaning of scratches. Our cases highlight several original features of this rare condition, which could potentially improve the management of BA in OTR.Transplant Infectious Disease 02/2012; 14(4):403-9. · 2.22 Impact Factor
Article: Bartonella infection in immunocompromised hosts: immunology of vascular infection and vasoproliferation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Most infections by genus Bartonella in immunocompromised patients are caused by B. henselae and B. quintana. Unlike immunocompetent hosts who usually develop milder diseases such as cat scratch disease and trench fever, immunocompromised patients, including those living with HIV/AIDS and posttransplant patients, are more likely to develop different and severe life-threatening disease. This paper will discuss Bartonella's manifestations in immunosuppressed patients and will examine Bartonella's interaction with the immune system including its mechanisms of establishing infection and immune escape. Gaps in current understanding of the immunology of Bartonella infection in immunocompromised hosts will be highlighted.Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2012; 2012:612809. · 1.84 Impact Factor