Using Picture Prompts to Teach an Adult with Developmental Disabilities to Independently Complete Vocational Tasks
ABSTRACT The research was conducted to teach an adult with developmental disabilities to perform vocational chores in response to pictures cues, instead of oral prompts from an instructor. The participant was selected because continuous prompting was needed for him to complete daily tasks in a vocational placement. A multiple probe design across tasks showed that the participant learned to complete vocational tasks using picture prompts. Maintenance data collected 1, 3, and 6 months after training showed that the participant maintained task completion behavior.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this case study was to determine the effectiveness of using visual prompts with a model, lead, and test technique paired with a fading procedure. This was implemented to teach a student how to appropriately answer “Where are you?” The participant in this study was a 13-year-old boy, with low functioning autism who was also echolalic. This study took place in the participant’s self-contained special education classroom and at nine various locations at his school. The participant was taught to answer correctly when prompted to nine different places throughout his school. The participant was able to maintain this skill, when visual prompts were systematically reduced during the fading and no longer provided during the two no prompts conditions. Other personnel in the school were very satisfied with the outcomes.Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities 01/2008; 20(1):31-39. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Parents with intellectual disabilities (ID) are disproportionately represented in the child welfare system. Parents with ID can be better served by developing curricula that support various modes of learning. Technology offers a potentially effective tool because it is visual, interactive, and self-instructional. SafeCare® is an evidence-based parenting program with flexibility to adapt its curricula while maintaining fidelity. This research presents the results of a pilot study that examined the effectiveness of an adaptation to the SafeCare® parent-infant interactions (PII) module for a mother with ID by using a digital picture frame with pictures of the mother and her infant engaged in skills that met the performance criteria for PII. A multiple-probe design across behaviors was used with the mother and her infant, showing a dramatic increase in PII skills that was maintained across 3 monthly follow-ups. Although further research is necessary, the preliminary data suggest the digital picture frame enhancement to the SafeCare® PII module may be a promising instructional tool for parents with ID.Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities 04/2012; 5(2):187-202.
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ABSTRACT: Presented here is a discussion of the ecobehavioral model in treating challenging behaviors of adults with psychiatric disorders and developmental disabilities. The history and definition of the term “ecobehavioral” is presented. Research, case studies, and case examples are provided to demonstrate the successful use of the ecobehavioral model in reducing challenging behaviors. Procedural variations, advantages, and limitations of an ecobehavioral approach toward treatment are discussed.Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities 01/1998; 10(4). · 0.89 Impact Factor