MTHFR polymorphisms, dietary folate intake and breast cancer risk in Chinese women.

Division of Epidemiology, Jiangsu Province Institute of Cancer Research, Nanjing, China.
Journal of Human Genetics (Impact Factor: 2.37). 07/2009; 54(7):414-8. DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2009.57
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the relationship between dietary folate intake and genetic polymorphisms of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) with reference to breast cancer risk, we conducted a case-control study with 669 cases and 682 population-based controls in the Jiangsu Province of China. MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotypes were identified using PCR-RFLP (restrictrion fragment length polymorphism) methods. Dietary folate intake was assessed using an 83-item food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated with an unconditional logistic model. The frequencies of MTHFR C677T C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes were 32.37, 48.88 and 18.75% in cases and 37.66, 48.24 and 14.10% in controls, respectively. The difference in distribution was significant (chi(2)=6.616, P=0.037), the T/T genotype being associated with an elevated OR (adjusted for age, menopausal status, body mass index (BMI), income, work intensity and status of smoking and drinking) for breast cancer (1.62, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.14-2.30). The frequencies of MTHFR A1298C A/A, A/C and C/C were 71.47, 27.08 and 1.44% in cases and 68.11, 30.13 and 1.76% in controls, respectively, with no significant differences being found (chi(2)=1.716, P=0.424). A significant inverse relationship was observed between folate intake and breast cancer risk. Compared with the lowest tertile of folate intake, the adjusted OR for breast cancer in the top tertile was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.53-0.92). However, no significant interaction was observed between folate intake and the MTHFR C677T polymorphism. Among individuals with the MTHFR A1298C A/A genotype, adjusted ORs for breast cancer were 0.89 (0.62-1.27) and 1.69 (1.20-2.36) for the second to the third tertile of folate intake compared with the highest folate intake group (tread test, P=0.0008). The findings of this study suggest that MTHFR genetic polymorphisms and dietary intake of folate may modify susceptibility to breast cancer.

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    ABSTRACT: There is conflicting epidemiological evidence on the role of folate and breast cancer risk. We conducted a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis of folate intake and folate blood levels and the risk of breast cancer. Four electronic databases (Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Current Contents Connect) were searched to April 11, 2014, with no language restrictions for observational studies that measured folate intake or blood levels and the risk of breast cancer. The meta-analysis of dietary folate intake comprising 36 studies with 34,602 cases, and a total sample size of 608,265 showed a decreased risk of breast cancer, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.84 [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.77-0.91]. When stratified by menopausal status and by study design, none of the meta-analyses of prospective studies showed any statistically significant decrease in the risk of breast cancer. The meta-analysis of total folate showed no statistically significant association with breast cancer OR of 0.98 (95 % CI 0.91-1.07). There was no significant association between either dietary or total folate intake and breast cancer when stratified by hormonal receptor status. The meta-analysis of blood folate levels found no significant association with the risk of breast cancer, with an OR of 0.86 (95 % CI 0.60-1.25). Breast cancer does not appear to be associated with folate intake, and this did not vary by menopausal status or hormonal receptor status. Folate blood levels also do not appear to be associated with breast cancer risk.
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Keitaro Matsuo