Concept of ideal closure line for clipping of middle cerebral artery aneurysms--technical note.

Department of Surgical Neurology, Research Institute for Brain and Blood Vessels-Akita, Akita, Japan.
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (Impact Factor: 0.49). 07/2009; 49(6):273-7; discussion 277-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The concept of optimum closure line was applied to a series of 51 consecutive middle cerebral artery aneurysms (14 ruptured, 37 unruptured) in 41 patients, 16 men and 25 women aged 29-79 years (mean 59.1 years). Visual inspection through the operating microscope revealed 3 types of aneurysm based on the origin of the aneurysm: bifurcation type (n = 39), trunk type (n = 9), and combined type (n = 3). Clipping along the optimum closure line should restore the vascular structure to the original configuration. Combination clip techniques were useful to form a curved closure line. This technique requires adequate operative fields with dissection of the aneurysm and related arteries from the neighboring structures as far as possible. The closure line concept is helpful to decide how to apply clips for particular aneurysms to avoid risks of ischemic complication and future recurrence. Combination clip techniques are often necessary to match a curved closure line.

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    ABSTRACT: Craniotomy and clipping have been robust treatments for ruptured cerebral aneurysm for more than 50 years, with satisfactory overall outcomes. Technical advances, such as developments in microsurgical tools and equipment, adjunctive therapy, and novel monitoring methods enable safer and more efficient treatment. However, overall surgical results have not shown any major improvements, as outcomes are mainly determined by the damage from initial bleeding, and new treatment strategies are not always free from associated complications and problems. Recent advances in endovascular treatment are shifting the treatment for ruptured cerebral aneurysm from craniotomy and clipping to intravascular coil embolization. However, craniotomy and clipping are very important for the treatment of ruptured cerebral aneurysm. This paper discusses recent advances and future perspectives in the field of clipping surgery for ruptured aneurysms.
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