Cytolytic T-cell response to the PASD1 cancer testis antigen in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Nuffield Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK.
British Journal of Haematology (Impact Factor: 4.71). 07/2009; 146(4):396-407. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07761.x
Source: PubMed


The identification of immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTAs) as immunotherapeutic targets represents one approach to improve treatment options for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously identified PASD1 [PAS (Per ARNT Sim) domain containing 1 (PASD1)], a DLBCL-associated CTA that was expressed in a range of hematopoietic malignancies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of a cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) response to PASD1 in DLBCL patients. A significant gamma-interferon (IFN) release was detected in 21/29 HLA-A*0201-positive DLBCL patients (18 de novo DLBCL, two transformed DLBCL and one T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) following short-term culture of their peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with five HLA-A*0201-restricted PASD1 peptides. No significant responses were detected in 21 HLA-A*0201-negative DLBCL patients (12 de novo DLBCL, seven transformed DLBCL, two T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) or six normal subjects. CTL cell lines were able to lyse PASD1-positive tumour cells in a major histocompatibility complex-Class I dependent manner. The presence of a gamma-IFN response correlated with PASD1 protein expression in the tumour cells in 12/15 cases studied. This is the first report of a CTL response to a CTA in DLBCL. Our results provide additional valuable evidence supporting PASD1 as a potential immunotherapeutic target for the treatment of DLBCL and other malignancies.

Download full-text


Available from: Martin C N M Barnardo, Sep 17, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer-testis antigens are tumor antigens that their expression is almost limited to male germ cells in the testis. Some of cancer-testis antigens are also expressed in the ovary and in trophoblasts. Recently their expression has been seen in different types of tumors. Many pathophysiologic studies suggest that a blood-testis barrier exists in the testis. Because spermatogenesis begins at puberty, new cell-surface antigens are expressed when the immune system has refined the ability to distinguish self from nonself. So, sperms in the testis do not stimulate immune responses. In addition, although antigen-presenting cells are commonly seen in the interstitial spaces of the testis, these cells are scarcely seen within the seminiferous tubules. So, testis is considered as an immune-privileged site, and testis-specific genes, if expressed in cancers can be immunogenic. For this reason cancer-testis antigens are promising candidates for cancer immunotherapy and have become a major focus for the development of vaccine-based clinical trials in recent years. In addition, these antigens can also be used as biomarkers for early detection of cancers.
    Archives of Iranian medicine 08/2009; 12(4):395-404. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer/testis (CT) antigens are protein antigens with normal expression restricted to adult testicular germ cells, and yet are aberrantly activated and expressed in a proportion of various types of human cancer. At least a subset of this group of antigens has been found to elicit spontaneous humoral and cell-mediated immune responses in cancer patients, raising the possibility that these antigens could be cancer vaccine targets. More than 100 CT antigen genes have been reported in the literature, with approximately 30 being members of multigene families on the X chromosome, so-called CT-X genes. Most CT-X genes are expressed at the spermatogonia stage of spermatogenesis, and their functions are mostly unknown. In cancer, the frequency of CT antigen expression is highly variable among different tumor types, but is more often expressed in high-grade late-stage cases in general. Cancer vaccine trials based on CT antigens MAGE-A3 and NY-ESO-1 are currently ongoing, and these antigens may also play a role in antigen-specific adoptive T-cell transfer and in the immunomodulation approach of cancer therapy.
    Cancer Science 09/2009; 100(11):2014-21. DOI:10.1111/j.1349-7006.2009.01303.x · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer-testis (CT) antigens/genes show restricted expression in normal tissues but widespread expression in many tumour types. This, coupled with their ability to induce cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses, makes them attractive vaccine candidates. Following our identification of PASD1, we have used RT-PCR to analyse the mRNA expression profile of a large panel of CT genes in cell lines derived from haematological malignancies, and have studied Sp17 protein expression in the same cell lines and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) biopsies. Our extensive analysis revealed multiple CT transcripts exhibiting widespread expression across cell lines derived from 21 B- and 4 T-cell malignancies. The broadest mRNA expression profiles were observed for the following eight CT genes: Sp17 (25/25), PRAME (25/25), CSAGE (24/25), PASD1 (22/25), CAGE/DDX53 (19/25), CTAGE1 (19/25), HAGE/DDX43 (16/25) and PLU-1/JARID1B (15/25). Cell lines derived from more aggressive lymphoma subtypes generally expressed CT transcripts at higher frequency. Sp17 protein was detected in a number of cell lines and in six of eleven (54.5%) DLBCL biopsies. Analysis of Sp17 protein expression, by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting, broadens the scope of this CT antigen as a potentially relevant clinical target in haematological malignancies. Further studies of protein expression are now needed to validate these antigens as vaccine candidates.
    Cancer immunity: a journal of the Academy of Cancer Immunology 01/2010; 10:8.
Show more