Cytolytic T-cell response to the PASD1 cancer testis antigen in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
ABSTRACT The identification of immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTAs) as immunotherapeutic targets represents one approach to improve treatment options for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously identified PASD1 [PAS (Per ARNT Sim) domain containing 1 (PASD1)], a DLBCL-associated CTA that was expressed in a range of hematopoietic malignancies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of a cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) response to PASD1 in DLBCL patients. A significant gamma-interferon (IFN) release was detected in 21/29 HLA-A*0201-positive DLBCL patients (18 de novo DLBCL, two transformed DLBCL and one T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) following short-term culture of their peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with five HLA-A*0201-restricted PASD1 peptides. No significant responses were detected in 21 HLA-A*0201-negative DLBCL patients (12 de novo DLBCL, seven transformed DLBCL, two T-cell rich B-cell lymphoma) or six normal subjects. CTL cell lines were able to lyse PASD1-positive tumour cells in a major histocompatibility complex-Class I dependent manner. The presence of a gamma-IFN response correlated with PASD1 protein expression in the tumour cells in 12/15 cases studied. This is the first report of a CTL response to a CTA in DLBCL. Our results provide additional valuable evidence supporting PASD1 as a potential immunotherapeutic target for the treatment of DLBCL and other malignancies.
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ABSTRACT: The survival of patients with diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma after chemotherapy is influenced by molecular features of the tumors. We used the gene-expression profiles of these lymphomas to develop a molecular predictor of survival. Biopsy samples of diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma from 240 patients were examined for gene expression with the use of DNA microarrays and analyzed for genomic abnormalities. Subgroups with distinctive gene-expression profiles were defined on the basis of hierarchical clustering. A molecular predictor of risk was constructed with the use of genes with expression patterns that were associated with survival in a preliminary group of 160 patients and was then tested in a validation group of 80 patients. The accuracy of this predictor was compared with that of the international prognostic index. Three gene-expression subgroups--germinal-center B-cell-like, activated B-cell-like, and type 3 diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma--were identified. Two common oncogenic events in diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma, bcl-2 translocation and c-rel amplification, were detected only in the germinal-center B-cell-like subgroup. Patients in this subgroup had the highest five-year survival rate. To identify other molecular determinants of outcome, we searched for individual genes with expression patterns that correlated with survival in the preliminary group of patients. Most of these genes fell within four gene-expression signatures characteristic of germinal-center B cells, proliferating cells, reactive stromal and immune cells in the lymph node, or major-histocompatibility-complex class II complex. We used 17 genes to construct a predictor of overall survival after chemotherapy. This gene-based predictor and the international prognostic index were independent prognostic indicators. DNA microarrays can be used to formulate a molecular predictor of survival after chemotherapy for diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma.New England Journal of Medicine 07/2002; 346(25):1937-47. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: CTLs specific to p53 were previously shown to efficiently eradicate p53-overexpressing tumor cells in vitro as well as in vivo. In this report, we demonstrate that these CTLs can also eliminate tumors that display moderate or even low levels of p53. Neither high steady-state levels of p53 nor elevated p53 synthesis is a prerequisite for recognition of tumors by p53-specific CTLs. Instead, our data show that a high p53 turnover rate is an important factor in determining the sensitivity of tumor cells to p53-specific CTLs. Our data suggest that p53 turnover is related to the MHC class I-restricted presentation of p53-derived epitopes at the tumor cell surface and indicate that CTL-mediated immunotherapy that targets p53 can be applied to a wider range of tumors than has thus far been anticipated.Cancer Research 11/2000; 60(19):5508-13. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Immunotherapies using cancer-testis (CT) antigens as targets represent a potentially useful treatment in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) who commonly show recurrent disease following chemotherapy. We analyzed the expression of 11 CT antigens in bone marrow samples from patients with MM (n=55) and healthy donors (n=32) using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). CT antigens were frequently expressed in MM with 56% (MAGEC2), 55% (MAGEA3), 35% (SSX1), 20% (SSX4, SSX5), 16% (SSX2), 15% (BAGE), 7% (NY-ESO-1), and 6% (ADAM2, LIPI) expressing the given antigen. Importantly, CT antigens were not expressed in healthy bone marrow. Analyzing patients with MM (n=66) for antibody responses against MAGEA3, SSX2, and NY-ESO-1, we found strong antibody responses against CT antigens preferentially in patients who had received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). Antibody responses against NY-ESO-1 correlated with NY-ESO-1-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses against peptide NY-ESO-1(51-62) and CD4+ responses against NY-ESO-1(121-140) in 1 of these patients. These allogeneic immune responses were not detectable in pretransplantation samples and in the patients' stem cell donors, indicating that CT antigens might indeed represent natural targets for graft-versus-myeloma effects. Immune responses induced by alloSCT could be boosted by active CT antigen-specific immunotherapy, which might help to achieve long-lasting remissions in patients with MM.Blood 03/2007; 109(3):1103-12. · 9.06 Impact Factor