Detection of KRAS oncogene in peripheral blood as a predictor of the response to cetuximab plus chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
ABSTRACT Previously we developed membrane-arrays as a promising tool to detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) with KRAS oncogene in patients with malignancies. This study was conducted to determinate the predictive values of CTCs with KARS mutation by membrane-arrays for metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy.
Seventy-six metastatic colorectal cancer patients receiving cetuximab plus FOLFIRI or FOLFOX-4 chemotherapy were enrolled. KRAS mutation status in the peripheral blood of these patients was analyzed using membrane-arrays, and KRAS mutation status in tumors was analyzed by DNA sequencing.
Among 76 metastatic colorectal cancer patients, KRAS mutations in tumors and in peripheral blood were identified in 33 (43.4%) and 30 (39.5%) patients, respectively. The detection sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of membrane-arrays for CTCs with KRAS oncogene were 84.4%, 95.3%, and 90.8%, respectively, and indeed a highly significant correlation to KRAS mutations in tumors (P < 0.0001) was observed. Forty-five (59.2%) patients responded to cetuximab plus chemotherapy, and 41 and 40 were wild-type KRAS in tumors and peripheral blood, respectively (both P < 0.0001). Patients with tumors that harbor wild-type KRAS are more likely to have a better progression-free survival and overall survival when treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy (P < 0.0001). Likewise, patients with CTCs of wild-type KRAS in peripheral blood express a better progression-free survival and overall survival when treated with cetuximab plus chemotherapy (P < 0.0001).
These findings provide evidence that detection of KRAS mutational status in CTCs, by gene expression array, has potential for clinical application in selecting metastatic colorectal cancer patients most likely to benefit from cetuximab therapy.
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ABSTRACT: The KRAS oncogene was one of the earliest discoveries of genetic alterations in colorectal and lung cancers. Moreover, KRAS somatic mutations might be used for predicting the efficiency of anti-EGFR therapeutic drugs. The purpose of this research was to improve Activating KRAS Detection Chip by using a weighted enzymatic chip array (WEnCA) platform to detect activated KRAS mutations status in the peripheral blood of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in Taiwan.Journal of translational medicine. 05/2014; 12(1):147.
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ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with KRAS mutations do not benefit from epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeted therapy. In clinical practice, identifying patients with KRAS mutations is critical prior to EGFR targeting therapy, and gene testing is generally performed using DNA extracted from tumor tissue. The aim of this study was to compare the presence of KRAS mutations in circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and primary tumor tissue using a peptide nucleic acid mediated polymerase chain reaction. We extracted and analyzed DNA from plasmas and corresponding primary tumor samples from 52 patients with CRC. The results demonstrated that the detection rate of KRAS sequence variations was 50% (26 of 52) in plasma samples and 28.8% (15 of 52) in resected primary tumor tissue samples. The majority of KRAS mutations detected in tumors were also found in matched plasma specimens with an agreement rate of 78.8%. Eleven plasma cfDNA were found positive for KRAS mutation but not in their corresponding tissue. In conclusion, our results suggest that circulating cfDNA provides a better representation of the malignant disease as a whole and could be a reliable source of diagnostic DNA to replace the tumor tissue in a diagnostic setting.Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 03/2014; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Assessment of KRAS status is mandatory in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) before applying targeted therapy. We describe here a blinded prospective study to compare KRAS and BRAF mutation status data obtained from the analysis of tumor tissue by routine gold-standard methods and of plasma DNA using a quantitative PCR-based method specifically designed to analyze circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA). The mutation status was determined by both methods from 106 patient samples. cfDNA analysis showed 100% specificity and sensitivity for the BRAF V600E mutation. For the seven tested KRAS point mutations, the method exhibited 98% specificity and 92% sensitivity with a concordance value of 96%. Mutation load, expressed as the proportion of mutant alleles in cfDNA, was highly variable (0.5-64.1%, median 10.5%) among mutated samples. CfDNA was detected in 100% of patients with mCRC. This study shows that liquid biopsy through cfDNA analysis could advantageously replace tumor-section analysis and expand the scope of personalized medicine for patients with cancer.Nature medicine 03/2014; · 27.14 Impact Factor