Expression of Hsp72 protein in chronic kidney disease patients.

Departments of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine.
Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology (Impact Factor: 1.24). 06/2009; DOI: 10.1080/00365590903089489
Source: PubMed


Objective. Expression of heat shock protein (Hsp) 72 is one of the major mechanisms acting against cellular injury. It displays a plethora of functions, including a considerable impact on inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate Hsp72 expression in blood monocytes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Material and methods. Hsp72 protein level was assessed by flow cytometry in blood monocytes of predialysis, haemodialysis (HD) and continuous peritoneal dialysis patients, and controls. It was followed by evaluation of Hsp72 gene expression in the same cohorts by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results. The level of Hsp72 protein was significantly lower in the predialysis (359+/-83 AU) and HD groups (293+/-62 AU) than in controls (405+/-51 AU) (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). The amount of mRNA was significantly lower only in the HD group, compared with controls (0.39+/-0.10 vs 0.48+/-0.10, p<0.01). In the predialysis group, there were negative correlations between Hsp72 protein level and serum creatinine concentration, blood urea nitrogen and C-reactive protein. Conclusions. This study demonstrates that uraemic toxicity decreases expression of Hsp72. Attenuation of Hsp 72 expression in uraemia, found in the present study, could contribute to the inflammatory state, a common complication in CKD patients.

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Available from: Ewa Bryl, Apr 18, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock proteins (HSP) form a heterogenous, evolutionarily conserved group of molecules with high sequence homology. They mainly act as intracellular chaperones, protecting the protein structure and folding under stress conditions. The extracellular HSP, released in the course of damage or necrosis, play a pivotal role in the innate and adaptive immune responses. They also take part in many pathological processes. The aim of this review is to update the recent developments in the field of HSP in chronic kidney disease (CKD), in regard to three different aspects. The first is the assessment of the role of HSP, either positive or deleterious, in the pathogenesis of CKD and the possibilities to influence its progression. The second is the impact of dialysis, being a potentially modifiable stressor, on HSP and the attempt to assess the value of these proteins as the biocompatibility markers. The last area is that of kidney transplantation and the potential role of HSP in the induction of the immune tolerance in kidney recipients.
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