HOXA3 Modulates Injury-Induced Mobilization and Recruitment of Bone Marrow-Derived Cells

Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-1302, USA.
Stem Cells (Impact Factor: 7.7). 07/2009; 27(7):1654-65. DOI: 10.1002/stem.90
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The regulated recruitment and differentiation of multipotent bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) to sites of injury are critical for efficient wound healing. Previously we demonstrated that sustained expression of HOXA3 both accelerated wound healing and promoted angiogenesis in diabetic mice. In this study, we have used green fluorescent protein-positive bone marrow chimeras to investigate the effect of HOXA3 expression on recruitment of BMDCs to wounds. We hypothesized that the enhanced neovascularization induced by HOXA3 is due to enhanced mobilization, recruitment, and/or differentiation of BMDCs. Here we show that diabetic mice treated with HOXA3 displayed a significant increase in both mobilization and recruitment of endothelial progenitor cells compared with control mice. Importantly, we also found that HOXA3-treated mice had significantly fewer inflammatory cells recruited to the wound compared with control mice. Microarray analyses of HOXA3-treated wounds revealed that indeed HOXA3 locally increased expression of genes that selectively promote stem/progenitor cell mobilization and recruitment while also suppressing expression of numerous members of the proinflammatory nuclear factor kappaB pathway, including myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 and toll-interacting protein. Thus HOXA3 accelerates wound repair by mobilizing endothelial progenitor cells and attenuating the excessive inflammatory response of chronic wounds.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this article, we have examined the motility-related effects of weak power frequency magnetic fields (MFs) on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-sensitive motility mechanism, including the F-actin cytoskeleton, growth of invasive protrusions and the levels of signal molecules in human amniotic epithelial (FL) cells. Without extracellular EGF stimulation, the field stimulated a large growth of new protrusions, especially filopodia and lamellipodia, an increased population of vinculin-associated focal adhesions. And, an obvious reduction of stress fiber content in cell centers was found, corresponding to larger cell surface areas and decreased efficiency of actin assembly of FL cells in vitro, which was associated with a decrease in overall F-actin content and special distributions. These effects were also associated with changes in protein content or distribution patterns of the EGFR downstream motility-related signaling molecules. All of these effects are similar to those following epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation of the cells and are time dependent. These results suggest that power frequency MF exposure acutely affects the migration/motility-related actin cytoskeleton reorganization that is regulated by the EGFR-cytoskeleton signaling pathway. Therefore, upon the MF exposure, cells are likely altered to be ready to transfer into a state of migration in response to the stimuli.
    PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e87626. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0087626 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diabetes can promote a state of chronic inflammation associated with serious complications that are difficult to treat, including ulceration of the lower extremities and chronic wounds. Chronic wounds are often incurable and contribute to both a reduced quality of life for patients and an enormous burden for healthcare services. In diabetes, the inflammatory response early in wound healing is inappropriately amplified and prolonged, leading to the persistent presence in the wound of vastly elevated numbers of dysfunctional, hyperpolarised macrophages that fail to transition to a pro-healing phenotype. Recent evidence suggests that systemic chronic inflammation induces intrinsic defects in monocytes via chromatin modifications that may pre-programme monocytes to a pro-inflammatory phenotype, while the local wound environment inhibits differentiation to a pro-healing phenotype. Current understanding remains incomplete, and careful dissection of how local and systemic inflammation combine to negatively influence myeloid cell development will be key to developing effective therapies aimed at healing the diabetic wound.
    Seminars in Immunology 06/2014; 26(4). DOI:10.1016/j.smim.2014.04.006 · 6.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Homeobox (HOX) transcription factors coordinate gene expression in wound repair and angiogenesis. Previous studies have shown that gene transfer of HoxA3 to wounds of diabetic mice accelerates wound healing, increasing angiogenesis and keratinocyte migration. In this study, we examined whether HoxA3 can also improve angiogenesis, epidermal integrity, and viability of composite skin grafts. Approach: To determine the effects of HoxA3 on composite skin grafts, we constructed bilayered composite grafts incorporating fibroblasts engineered to constitutively secrete HoxA3. We then transplanted these composite grafts in vivo. Results: The composite grafts produced a stratified epidermal layer after seventeen days in culture and following transplantation in vivo, these grafts exhibit normal epidermal differentiation and reduced contraction compared to controls. In addition, HoxA3 grafts showed increased angiogenesis. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses of HoxA3 graft tissue reveal an increase in the downstream HoxA3 target genes MMP-14 and uPAR expression, as well as a reduction in CCL-2 and CxCl-12. Innovation: Expression of secreted HoxA3 in composite grafts represents a comprehensive approach that targets both keratinocytes and endothelial cells to promote epidermal proliferation and angiogenesis. Conclusion: Secreted HoxA3 improves angiogenesis, reduces expression of inflammatory mediators, and prolongs composite skin graft integrity.
    10/2014; 3(10):605-613. DOI:10.1089/wound.2013.0474


Available from