Generation of Pancreatic Hormone-Expressing Islet-Like Cell Aggregates from Murine Adipose Tissue-Derived Stem Cells

National Centre for Cell Science, Ganeshkhind, Pune, India.
Stem Cells (Impact Factor: 7.7). 08/2009; 27(8):1941-53. DOI: 10.1002/stem.117
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The success of cell replacement therapy for diabetes depends on the availability and generation of an adequate number of islets, preferably from an autologous origin. Stem cells are now being probed for the generation of physiologically competent, insulin-producing cells. In this investigation, we explored the potential of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) to differentiate into pancreatic hormone-expressing islet-like cell aggregates (ICAs). We initiated ASC culture from epididymal fat pads of Swiss albino mice to obtain mesenchymal cells, murine epididymal (mE)-ASCs. Subsequent single-cell cloning resulted in a homogeneous cell population with a CD29(+)CD44(+)Sca-1(+) surface antigen expression profile. We formulated a 10-day differentiation protocol to generate insulin-expressing ICAs from mE-ASCs by progressively changing the differentiation cocktail on day 1, day 3, and day 5. Our stage-specific approach successfully differentiated mesodermic mE-ASCs into definitive endoderm (cells expressing Sox17, Foxa2, GATA-4, and cytokeratin [CK]-19), then into pancreatic endoderm (cells expressing pancreatic and duodenal homeobox [PDX]-1, Ngn3, NeuroD, Pax4, and glucose transporter 2), and finally into cells expressing pancreatic hormones (insulin, glucagon, somatostatin). Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis showed that day 5 ICAs contained 64.84% +/- 7.03% PDX-1(+) cells, and in day 10 mature ICAs, 48.17% +/- 3% of cells expressed C-peptide. Day 10 ICAs released C-peptide in a glucose-dependent manner, exhibiting in vitro functionality. Electron microscopy of day 10 ICAs revealed the presence of numerous secretory granules within the cell cytoplasm. Calcium alginate-encapsulated day 10 ICAs (1,000-1,200), when transplanted i.p. into streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, restored normoglycemia within 2 weeks. The data presented here demonstrate the feasibility of using ASCs as a source of autologous stem cells to differentiate into the pancreatic lineage.

Download full-text


Available from: Vikash Chandra, Jan 02, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are defined as pluripotent cells found in numerous human tissues, including bone marrow and adipose tissue. Such MSCs, isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue, have been shown to differentiate into bone and cartilage, along with other types of tissues. Therefore, MSCs represent a promising new therapy in regenerative medicine. The initial treatment of meniscus tear of the knee is managed conservatively with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy. When such conservative treatment fails, an arthroscopic resection of the meniscus is necessary. However, the major drawback of the meniscectomy is an early onset of osteoarthritis. Therefore, an effective and noninvasive treatment for patients with continuous knee pain due to damaged meniscus has been sought. Here, we present a review, highlighting the possible regenerative mechanisms of damaged meniscus with MSCs (especially adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs)), along with a case of successful repair of torn meniscus with significant reduction of knee pain by percutaneous injection of autologous ASCs into an adult human knee.
    01/2014; 2014:436029. DOI:10.1155/2014/436029
  • Source
    Tissue Regeneration - From Basic Biology to Clinical Application, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0387-5
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence has suggested that human skin fibroblasts may represent a novel source of therapeutic stem cells. In this study, we report a 3-stage method to induce the differentiation of skin fibroblasts into insulin- producing cells (IPCs). In stage 1, we establish the isolation, expansion and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells from human labia minora dermis- derived fibroblasts (hLMDFs) (stage 1: MSC expansion). hLMDFs express the typical mesenchymal stem cell marker proteins and can differentiate into adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes or muscle cells. In stage 2, DMEM/F12 serum-free medium with ITS mix (insulin, transferrin, and selenite) is used to induce differentiation of hLMDFs into endoderm-like cells, as determined by the expression of the endoderm markers Sox17, Foxa2, and PDX1 (stage 2: mesenchymal-endoderm transition). In stage 3, cells in the mesenchymal- endoderm transition stage are treated with nicotinamide in order to further differentiate into self-assembled, 3-dimensional islet cell-like clusters that express multiple genes related to pancreatic β-cell development and function (stage 3: IPC). We also found that the transplantation of IPCs can normalize blood glucose levels and rescue glucose homeostasis in streptozotocin- induced diabetic mice. These results indicate that hLMDFs have the capacity to differentiate into functionally competent IPCs and represent a potential cell-based treatment for diabetes mellitus.
    Experimental and Molecular Medicine 01/2012; 44(1):26-35. DOI:10.3858/emm.2012.44.1.002 · 2.46 Impact Factor