The influence of IgE-enhancing and IgE-suppressive gammadelta T cells changes with exposure to inhaled ovalbumin.

Integrated Department of Immunology, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.52). 07/2009; 183(2):849-55. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.0804104
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It has been reported that the IgE response to allergens is influenced by gammadelta T cells. Intrigued by a study showing that airway challenge of mice with OVA induces in the spleen the development of gammadelta T cells that suppress the primary IgE response to i.p.-injected OVA-alum, we investigated the gammadelta T cells involved. We found that the induced IgE suppressors are contained within the Vgamma4(+) subset of gammadelta T cells of the spleen, that they express Vdelta5 and CD8, and that they depend on IFN-gamma for their function. However, we also found that normal nonchallenged mice harbor IgE-enhancing gammadelta T cells, which are contained within the larger Vgamma1(+) subset of the spleen. In cell transfer experiments, airway challenge of the donors was required to induce the IgE suppressors among the Vgamma4(+) cells. Moreover, this challenge simultaneously turned off the IgE enhancers among the Vgamma1(+) cells. Thus, airway allergen challenge differentially affects two distinct subsets of gammadelta T cells with nonoverlapping functional potentials, and the outcome is IgE suppression.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: γδ T cells are resident in cerebrospinal fluid and central nervous system (CNS) lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but as multifaceted cells exhibiting innate and adaptive characteristics, their function remains unknown. Previous studies in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) are contradictory and identified these cells as either promoting or suppressing disease pathogenesis. This study examines distinct γδ T cell subsets during EAE and indicates they mediate differential functions in CNS inflammation and demyelination resulting in pathogenesis or protection. We identified two γδ subsets in the CNS, Vγ1(+) and Vγ4(+), with distinct cytokine profiles and tissue specificity. Anti-γδ T cell receptor (TCR) monoclonal antibody (mAb) administration results in activation and downregulation of surface TCR, rendering the cells undetectable, but with opposing effects: anti-Vγ4 treatment exacerbates disease whereas anti-Vγ1 treatment is protective. The Vγ4(+) subset produces multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines including high levels of IL-17, and accounts for 15-20% of the interleukin-17 (IL-17) producing cells in the CNS, but utilize a variant transcriptional program than CD4(+) Th17 cells. In contrast, the Vγ1 subset produces CCR5 ligands, which may promote regulatory T cell differentiation. γδ T cell subsets thus play distinct and opposing roles during EAE, providing an explanation for previous reports and suggesting selective targeting to optimize regulation as a potential therapy for MS.
    Cellular immunology. 05/2014; 290(1):39-51.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The predominant distribution of γ δ T cells in the mucosal and epithelial tissues makes these unconventional lymphocytes the "guards" to contact external environment (like allergens) and to contribute to immune surveillance, as well as "vanguards" to participate in initiating mucosal inflammation. Therefore, γ δ T cells have been considered to bridge the innate and adaptive immunity. The role these cells play in allergy seems to be complicated and meaningful, so it makes sense to review the characteristics and role of γ δ T cells in allergic diseases.
    Research Journal of Immunology 01/2014; 2014:963484.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peripheral γδ T cells in mice are classified into two major subpopulations, Vγ1+ and Vγ4+, based on the composition of T cell receptors. However, their intrinsic differences remain unclear. In this study, we analyzed gene expression profiles of the two subsets using Illumina HiSeq 2000 Sequencer. We identified 1995 transcripts related to the activation of Vγ1+ γδ T cells, and 2158 transcripts related to the activation of Vγ4+ γδ T cells. We identified 24 transcripts differentially expressed between the two subsets in resting condition, and 20 after PMA/Ionomycin treatment. We found that both cell types maintained phenotypes producing IFN-γ, TNF-α, TGF-β and IL-10. However, Vγ1+ γδ T cells produced more Th2 type cytokines, such as IL-4 and IL-5, while Vγ4+ γδ T cells preferentially produced IL-17. Our study provides a comprehensive gene expression profile of mouse peripheral Vγ1+ and Vγ4+ γδ T cells that describes the inherent differences between them.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(11):e112964. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014