[First results of PET / CT-guided secondary lymph node surgery on patients with a PSA relapse after radical prostatectomy].

Klinik Für Urologie und Kinderurologie, Klinikum Oldenburg, Oldenburg.
Aktuelle Urologie (Impact Factor: 0.16). 06/2009; 40(5):294-9.
Source: PubMed


CT and MRT are not applicable for the early detection of lymph node (LN) recurrence in prostate cancer. The PET / CT ((11)C-, (18)F-choline) technique can detect lesions >or= 5 mm and allows their topographic localisation. We have analysed positive (11)C-choline PET / CT LN findings in the case of a PSA increase after radical prostatectomy (RPE) histologicaly and documented the developing of PSA.
8 patients with PSA relapse after RPE and lymphadenedtomy (LA) were diagnosed as having LNM by means of (11)C-choline PET / CT. Using PET / CT, metastasis suspicious and nearby LN were openly dissected. Histological and PET / CT results were compared and the postoperative PSA-development was examined.
Of the metastasis suspicious LN (11) 9 were histologically reconfirmed. All additionally removed LN (12) were correct negative. LNM were mostly (7 of 9) located in the iliaca interna area and pararectal. 6 of 7 patients with histological metastasis detection showed a PSA response. 3 of 6 patients with single metastasis had complete PSA remission (< 0.01 ng / ml, maximum follow-up: 28 months) without adjuvant therapy.
(11)C-choline PET / CT could detect LNM with high specificity in our collective. These often lie beyond standard LA area, where they were primarily only resected by use of extended or sentinel LA. Because 3 patients with single LNM reached a complete PSA remission (< 0.01 ng / ml) without adjuvant therapy, the selected collective seems to benefit from secondary LN surgery. Whether or not individual patients can be cured by this surgery has to be demonstrated in a longitudinal study. However, an optimal imaging and experience in LN surgery have to be assured.

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    • "In our first studies of PET/CT-guided secondary LN surgery, we reported on the outcome of all in all 8 patients with LNM detected by using [ 11 C]choline PET/CT without adjuvant therapy [3] [4]. 3 of 6 patients with single LN recurrence showed a complete PSA remission without adjuvant therapy up to 32 months. "
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. To evaluate whether secondary resection of lymph node (LN) metastases (LNMs) can result in PSA remission, we analysed the PSA outcome after resection of LNM detected on PET/CT in patients with biochemical failure. Materials and Methods. 11 patients with PSA relapse (mean 3.02 ng/mL, range 0.5-9.55 ng/mL) after radical prostatectomy without adjuvant therapy were included. Suspicious LN (1-3) detected on choline PET/CT and nearby LN were openly dissected (09/04-02/11). The PSA development was examined. Histological and PET/CT findings were compared. Results. 9 of 10 patients with histologically confirmed LNM showed a PSA response. 4 of 9 patients with single LNM had a complete permanent PSA remission (mean followup 31.8, range 1-48 months). Of metastasis-suspicious LNs (14) 12 could be histologically confirmed. The additionally removed 25 LNs were all correctly negative. Conclusions. The complete PSA remissions after secondary resection of single LNM argue for a feasible therapeutic benefit without adjuvant therapy. For this purpose the choline PET/CT is in spite of its limitations currently the most reliable routinely available diagnostic tool.
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    ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: The role of positron emission tomography (PET) and PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) in prostate cancer (PCa) imaging is still debated, although guidelines for their use have emerged over the last few years. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and conduct a meta-analysis of the available evidence of PET and PET/CT using 11C-choline and 18F-fluorocholine as tracers in imaging PCa patients in staging and restaging settings. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science (by citation of reference) were searched. Reference lists of review articles and included articles were checked to complement electronic searches. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: In staging patients with proven but untreated PCa, the results of the meta-analysis on a per-patient basis (10 studies, n = 637) showed pooled sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 84% (95% confidence interval [CI], 68-93%), 79% (95% CI, 53-93%), and 20.4 (95% CI, 9.9-42.0), respectively. The positive and negative likelihood ratios were 4.02 (95% CI, 1.73-9.31) and 0.20 (95% CI, 0.11-0.37), respectively. On a per-lesion basis (11 studies, n = 5117), these values were 66% (95% CI, 56-75%), 92% (95% CI, 78-97%), and 22.7 (95% CI, 8.9-58.0), respectively, for pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR; and 8.29 (95% CI, 3.05-22.54) and 0.36 (95% CI, 0.29-0.46), respectively, for positive and negative likelihood ratios. In restaging patients with biochemical failure after local treatment with curative intent, the meta-analysis results on a per-patient basis (12 studies, n = 1055) showed pooled sensitivity, specificity, and DOR of 85% (95% CI, 79-89%), 88% (95% CI, 73-95%), and 41.4 (95% CI, 19.7-86.8), respectively; the positive and negative likelihood ratios were 7.06 (95% CI, 3.06-16.27) and 0.17 (95% CI, 0.13-0.22), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: PET and PET/CT imaging with 11C-choline and 18F-fluorocholine in restaging of patients with biochemical failure after local treatment for PCa might help guide further treatment decisions. In staging of patients with proven but untreated, high-risk PCa, there is limited but promising evidence warranting further studies. However, the current evidence shows crucial limitations in terms of its applicability in common clinical scenarios.
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