Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells is regulated by PI 3-kinase/Akt/MAPK/NF- κB: Inhibitory role of curcumin
ABSTRACT Endothelial activation and surface expression of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) is critical for binding and recruitment of circulating leukocytes in tissues during the inflammatory response. Endothelial CAM expression plays a critical role in the intestinal microvasculature in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as blockade of leukocyte alpha4-integrin binding by gut endothelial CAM ligands has therapeutic benefit in IBD. Mechanisms underlying expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, a ligand for alpha4-integrin in primary cultures of human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC) has not been defined. We investigated the effect of curcumin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)/protein kinase B (Akt), and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors on VCAM-1 expression and function in HIMEC. CAM expression was assessed and HIMEC-leukocyte adhesion was visualized under static and flow conditions. Western blotting and in vitro kinase assays were used to assess Akt and MAPK activation. Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation and nuclear translocation of its p65 subunit were determined. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced VCAM-1 expression in HIMEC was suppressed by Akt small-interfering RNA, curcumin, and inhibitors of NF-kappaB (SN-50), p38 MAPK (SB-203580) and PI 3-kinase/Akt (LY-294002). VCAM-1 induction was partially suppressed by p44/42 MAPK (PD-098059) but unaffected by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (SP-600125) inhibition. Curcumin inhibited Akt/MAPK/NF-kappaB activity and prevented nuclear translocation of the p65 NF-kappaB subunit following TNF-alpha/LPS. At physiological shear stress, curcumin attenuated leukocyte adhesion to TNF-alpha/LPS-activated HIMEC monolayers. In conclusion, curcumin inhibited the expression of VCAM-1 in HIMECs through blockade of Akt, p38 MAPK, and NF-kappaB. Curcumin may represent a novel therapeutic agent targeting endothelial activation in IBD.
- SourceAvailable from: Suthiluk Patumraj
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- "With its antioxidant activity, curcumin has direct effect to scavenge free radicals by redox activity    and indirect effect to enhance cellular antioxidant system by activating Nrf2 transcription factor, a cytoprotective gene    . With its anti-inflammatory activity, curcumin can attenuate proinflammatory cytokine levels such as TNF-í µí»¼, IL-1í µí»½, and IL- 6 by interfering with the activation of NF-í µí¼ B, c-Jun, and JNK    . Several studies   found that curcumin can reduce adhesion molecule by inhibiting proinflammatory cytokine secretion in in vitro model. "
ABSTRACT: We aim to investigate the effects of curcumin on preventing diabetes-induced vascular inflammation in association with its actions on Txnip, ICAM-1, and NOX2 enzyme expressions. Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control (CON), diabetic (DM; streptozotocin (STZ), i.v. 55 mg/kg BW), control-treated with curcumin (CONCUR; 300 mg/kg BW), and diabetes treated with curcumin (DMCUR; 300 mg/kg BW). 12th week after STZ injection, iris blood perfusion, leukocyte adhesion, Txnip, p47phox, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were determined by using laser Doppler, intravital fluorescent confocal microscopy, Western Blot analysis, and TBAR assay, respectively. The iris blood perfusion of DM and DMCUR was decreased significantly compared to CON and CONCUR (P < 0.001). Plasma glucose and HbA1c of DM and DMCUR were increased significantly compared to CON and CONCUR (P < 0.001). Leukocyte adhesion, ICAM-1, p47phox expression, and MDA levels in DM were increased significantly compared to CON, CONCUR, and DMCUR (P < 0.05). Txnip expression in DM and DMCUR was significantly higher than CON and CONCUR (P < 0.05). From Pearson's analysis, the correlation between the plasma MDA level and the endothelial functions was significant. It suggested that curcumin could ameliorate diabetic vascular inflammation by decreasing ROS overproduction, reducing leukocyte-endothelium interaction, and inhibiting ICAM-1 and NOX2 expression.BioMed Research International 06/2014; 2014:161346. DOI:10.1155/2014/161346 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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- "These cell lines were chosen for their different metastatic potential. Curcumin is a natural multi-target compound with anti-tumoral and anti-inflammatory properties (Kumar et al., 1998; Ray et al., 2003; Kunnumakkara et al., 2008; Binion et al., 2009; Yodkeeree et al., 2010). Their rolling velocity and adhesion propensity are measured experimentally upon treatment with curcumin, using a parallel plate flow chamber system. "
ABSTRACT: The spreading of tumor cells to secondary sites (tumor metastasis) is a complex process that involves multiple, sequential steps. Vascular adhesion and extravasation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is one, critical step. Curcumin, a natural compound extracted from Curcuma longa, is known to have anti-tumoral, anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory properties and affect the expression of cell adhesion molecules, mostly by targeting the NF-κB transcription factor. Here, upon treatment with curcumin, the vascular behavior of three different estrogen receptor negative (ER(-)) breast adenocarcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468) is analyzed using a microfluidic system. First, the dose response to curcumin is characterized at 24, 48, and 72 h using a XTT assay. For all three cell lines, an IC(50) larger than 20 µM is observed at 72 h; whereas no significant reduction in cell viability is detected for curcumin concentrations up to 10 µM. Upon 24 h treatment at 10 µM of curcumin, SK-BR3 and MDA-MB-231 cells show a decrease in adhesion propensity of 40% (p = 0.02) and 47% (p = 0.001), respectively. No significant change is documented for the less metastatic MDA-MB-468 cells. All three treated cell lines show a 20% increase in rolling velocity from 48.3 to 58.7 µm/s in SK-BR-3, from 64.1 to 73.77 µm/s in MDA-MB-231, and from 57.5 to 74.4 µm/s in MDA-MB-468. Collectively, these results suggest that mild curcumin treatments could limit the metastatic potential of these adenocarcinoma cell lines, possibly by altering the expression of adhesion molecules, and the organization and stiffness of the cell cytoskeleton. Future studies will elucidate the biophysical mechanisms regulating this curcumin-induced behavior and further explore the clinical relevance of these findings.Frontiers in Oncology 11/2012; 2:161. DOI:10.3389/fonc.2012.00161
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- "By contrast, VSL#3 was not effective to reduce cost therapy in pediatric UC patients . Curcumin is a major compound of food flavour turmeric and exhibited anti-inflammatory properties in experimental models of IBD   . In a small pilot study, curcumin therapy for 2 months improved clinical symptoms and 4 of 5 IBD patients reduced and even stopped their medication . "
ABSTRACT: 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is widely used for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Recent studies have evaluated the potential of nutritional intervention as adjunct therapy to 5-ASA in IBD. N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have shown potent anti-inflammatory properties in gut inflammation. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the dual therapy (n-3 PUFA plus 5-ASA) in rats with 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzen sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. Colitis was induced by intrarectal injection of TNBS while control rats received the vehicle. Rats received by gavage a fish oil-rich formula (n-3 groups) or an isocaloric and isolipidic oil formula supplemented with 5-ASA for 14 days. A dose response of 5-ASA (5-75 mg. suppression mg kg(-1) d(-1)) was tested. Colitis was evaluated and several inflammatory markers were quantified in the colon. COX-2 expression (P<.05) and pro-inflammatory eicosanoids production of prostaglandin E(2) (P<.001) and leukotriene B(4) (P<.001) were significantly inhibited by n-3 PUFA or 5-ASA therapy. 5-ASA also reduces mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor α (P<.05). n-3 PUFA or 5-ASA significantly inhibits nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation (P<.01 and P<.05, respectively). The dual therapy n-3 PUFA plus 5-ASA also inhibited inflammatory response by lowering NF-κB activation (P<.01) or inducing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) expression (P<.05). These results indicate that 5-ASA plus n-3 PUFAs are more effective than a higher dose of 5-ASA alone to reduce NF-κB activation and to induce PPARγ. By contrast, the dual therapy did not improve the effects of individual treatments on eicosanoids or cytokine production. Use of n-3 PUFA in addition to 5-ASA may reduce dose of standard therapy.The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 07/2012; 24(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2012.03.022 · 4.59 Impact Factor