Laser Smoothing and Imprint Reduction with a Foam Layer in the Multikilojoule Regime

CEA, DAM, DIF, F-91297 Arpajon, France.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 06/2009; 102(19):195005. DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.102.195005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This Letter presents first experimental results of the laser imprint reduction in fusion scale plasmas using a low-density foam layer. The experiments were conducted on the LIL facility at the energy level of 12 kJ with millimeter-size plasmas, reproducing the conditions of the initial interaction phase in the direct-drive scheme. The results include the generation of a supersonic ionization wave in the foam and the reduction of the initial laser fluctuations after propagation through 500 mum of foam with limited levels of stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering. The smoothing mechanisms are analyzed and explained.

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