Injuries from firearms in hunting activities

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, and the James Whitcomb Riley Children's Hospital, Indianapolis, Indiana
Injury (Impact Factor: 2.14). 05/2014; 45(8). DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2014.04.043
Source: PubMed


Recreational hunting is a very popular sport, and frequently involves firearms. Few studies address the pattern of firearm injuries occurring with hunting and how they differ from firearm injuries not associated with hunting.

11 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Injuries and fatalities from recreational hunting accidents have been studied much less than firearm accidents occurring in urban populations. The available data indicate that hunting accidents may account for a significant number of unintentional firearm accidents in areas outside commonly studied urban settings. Legislative efforts to control handgun availability can be expected to have little impact on hunting accident statistics. The development of automatic firearm safety devices, promotion of hunter safety programs, and greater participation by the medical community in preventive measures may impact the problem. Similar efforts have already been influential in reducing other forms of accidental injury through promotion of seat-belt use, local motorcycle helmet laws, use of infant car seats, and, most recently, regulations regarding all-terrain vehicles.
    Annals of Emergency Medicine 05/1989; 18(4):406-9. DOI:10.1016/S0196-0644(89)80581-5 · 4.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System of the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, I computed the average annual rates per 1,000 population of consumer product-related injuries in residents of Athens County, Ohio, and seem at one hospital. These rates do not include intentional injuries or injuries to occupants of motor vehicles, to pedestrians hit by motor vehicles, or those occurring on the job or in house fires. Average annual rates for all injuries combined ranged from 102 per 1,000 boys 10-14 years of age to 11.7 per 1.000 men 65-74 years of age. For all males, the annual rate was 53 per 1,000 and for all females, 32 per 1,000. The most common parts of the body injured were the fingers (accounting for 15% of visits), face (12%), ankle (8.5%), hands (8%), and head (7.9%). The most common injury types were lacerations (33%), contusions and abrasions (22%), sprains (16%), and fractures (13%). Hospital admission rates varied by age, sex, type of injury, and part of body injured. Comparison of a sample of NEISS records to emergency room records showed that data were abstracted by clerical personnel with a high degree of accuracy. Review of fractures of the lower leg identified a cluster of injuries in young girls from playground merry-go-rounds. Review of burn injuries identified problems with scald injuries in young adult women and with eye injuries from welding in young men. The system can be used to evaluate injury control measures taken on a local level.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/1989; 5(2):104-12. · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deer hunting is a popular recreational activity in the United States. Although the risks associated with firearms are well known, the hazards related to deer stands are not widely appreciated. From September 1982 through December 1989, there were 19 patients admitted to the Medical College of Georgia Hospital and Clinics for injuries sustained from falls related to deer stands. One death occurred, and six of the 18 survivors remain paralyzed. Data from 18 of these patients showed that 83% of these falls (15/18) were associated with hunter-constructed stands. Structural failure accounted for 39% (7/18) of the accidents; other causes included carelessness, falling asleep, and medical events. Four of the 19 patients (21%) had elevated blood alcohol levels on admission. Fracture of the spine and long bones accounted for the majority of the injuries, and seven of the 18 survivors (39%) were hospitalized for more than 4 weeks. Eight of the survivors (44%) remain permanently disabled. Deer-stand-related falls may result in significant long-term disability, expensive and lengthy hospitalization, and even death. A preventive approach to these injuries is paramount, and published guidelines for safety while hunting from deer stands should be followed.
    Southern Medical Journal 07/1991; 84(6):686-8. · 0.93 Impact Factor
Show more