Article

Paraneoplastic Raynaud's Phenomenon in A Breast Cancer Survivor

Section of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
Rheumatology International (Impact Factor: 1.63). 07/2009; 30(6):789-92. DOI: 10.1007/s00296-009-0985-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 35-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer, treated 3 years ago with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy presented with a rapid onset of severe Raynaud's phenomenon. On physical examination, she had digital ulcers and splinter hemorrhages; there were no signs of an underlying rheumatic condition. Laboratory evaluation revealed anemia, the presence of antinuclear antibody and slight depression in her serum complement C3 level. The remainder of her serologic evaluation, including extractable nuclear antigens, anti-double-stranded DNA antibody, antiphospholipid antibodies, rheumatoid factor, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, cryoglobulins, and cold agglutins, were negative. Within weeks of her presentation, she developed acute renal failure and bilateral lower extremity edema. A computed tomography scan of her abdomen and pelvis showed bulky lymphadenopathy and hydronephrosis; a pelvic lymph node biopsy revealed metastatic breast cancer. She was initially managed with passive rewarming strategies, topical antibiotics, vasodilator and anti-platelet therapy, but had a negligible response. However, once she was started on chemotherapy for her recurrent malignancy, there was a significant improvement in her Raynaud's symptoms and resolution of her digital ulcers.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
146 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is essential to be aware of both neoplastic and paraneoplastic vasculitides, vasculopathy, and hypercoagulability, considering the importance of an accurate diagnosis and timely treatment of the underlying malignancy. Characteristics such as the type of vasculitis, age, gender, atypical presentation, and lack of response to common therapies should prompt investigation for an occult malignancy, whereas vasculitis such as GPA require due malignancy vigilance given a significantly increased risk of malignancy at the time of diagnosis and in the following years. Vasculopathies are rarer than vasculitides, but are associated with specific malignancies and, in the context of such malignancies, should be kept in mind. Hypercoagulability is a well-documented neoplastic phenomenon with an increased risk of thrombosis in the setting of positive aPLs. Most neoplastic and paraneoplastic vascular syndromes require no specific treatment outside of treatment of the underlying malignancy. The two key exceptions are PACNS, because of its poor prognosis, and erythromelalgia, in which aspirin is an effective agent.
    Rheumatic diseases clinics of North America 11/2011; 37(4):593-606. DOI:10.1016/j.rdc.2011.09.002 · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This description pertains to a previously healthy gentleman aged 54 years who developed symptoms coherent with Raynaud's phenomenon. The patient never had any prior episodes of peripheral cyanosis. The patient's first presentation was in summer and the paroxysms of peripheral cyanosis were not associated with any specific aggravating factor. The paroxysms went on to become more severe and painful across a span of 6 months, when he also developed non-radiating pain in the right lateral chest-wall, which would aggravate after episodes of cough. A chest roentgenogram then demonstrated the presence of a mass lesion in the right lung and a fine-needle-aspiration cytology confirmed malignancy- an adenocarcinoma. There was a dramatic relief in pain and a reduction in the intensity and duration of paroxysms of peripheral cyanosis within 2-weeks of initiation of chemotherapy for lung cancer.
    Case Reports 07/2012; 2012. DOI:10.1136/bcr.03.2012.5985
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Digital ischemia associated with cancer (DIAC) is increasing in frequency and recent reports have suggested the concept of paraneoplastic manifestation. The aims of this study were to characterize the clinical presentation of DIAC and identify clinical features that could lead physicians to diagnose underlying cancer.From January 2004 to December 2011, 100 patients were hospitalized in the Department of Internal Medicine at Rouen University Hospital, France for a first episode of DI. Fifteen (15%) exhibited symptomatic or asymptomatic cancer during the year preceding or following vascular episode and constituted the DIAC group. Other patients without cancer made up the digital ischemia (DI) group.Median time between diagnosis of cancer and episode of digital necrosis was 2 months [0.25-9]. Diagnosis of DI and concomitant cancer was made in 7 of the 15 patients, while DI preceded the malignant disorder in 2 cases and followed it in 6 cases. Histological types were adenocarcinoma for 7 (46.7%), squamous cell carcinoma for 4 (26.7%), and lymphoid neoplasia for 3 patients (20%). Six patients (40%) had extensive cancer. Three patients were lost to follow-up and 5 patients died <1 year after diagnosis of cancer. Cancer treatment improved vascular symptoms in 6 patients (40%). Patients with DIAC, compared to patients with DI, were significantly older (56 years [33-79] vs 46 [17-83] P =0.005), and had significantly lower hemoglobin and hematocrit levels (12.7 g/dl vs 13.9 g/dl; P =0.003 and 38% vs 42%; P =0.003, respectively). Patients with DIAC had a higher platelet rate (420 vs 300 G/L P =0.01), and 6 patients with DIAC (40%) had thrombocytosis. There was no difference between groups either in C-reactive protein level (12 mg/L vs 5 mg/L; P =0.08) or regarding cardiovascular risk factors, presence of autoimmunity, or monoclonal protein.This retrospective study suggests that DIAC may be more prevalent than previously reported. Outcomes of the 2 diseases were not strictly chronologically parallel. However, in the majority of cases, treatment of the tumor resolved vascular involvement. Our findings suggest that age >50 years and thrombocytosis should alert physicians to consider a possible occult malignancy when digital necrosis occurs.
    Medicine 08/2014; 93(10):e47. DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000000047 · 4.87 Impact Factor