Genetic Variants of TCF7L2 Are Associated with Insulin Resistance and Related Metabolic Phenotypes in Taiwanese Adolescents and Caucasian Young Adults
ABSTRACT The effect of TCF7L2 rs7903146 on glucose homeostasis is considered primarily due to impaired insulin secretion in European populations. Because we previously demonstrated that TCF7L2 rs290487 near the 3' end of TCF7L2 was significantly associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Taiwanese subjects, we aimed to investigate potential mechanisms underlying the associations of rs290487 with T2D.
Eighteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with glucose/insulin homeostasis as well as other quantitative metabolic phenotypes using the quantitative transmission disequilibrium test in 525 Taiwanese adolescent twin-pairs and siblings. The results were further replicated in 116 nondiabetic normotensive Caucasian young adults.
Among the 18 SNPs, rs290487 C allele was significantly associated with higher 60-, 90-, and 120-min glucose concentrations (P = 0.001, 0.01, and 0.02, respectively); higher 60- and 90-min insulin concentrations (P = 0.01 and 0.01, respectively); and a lower insulin sensitivity index (P = 0.04). No association was found for rs290487 with measures of insulin secretion. The rs290487 C allele was also associated with HOMA-IR (P = 0.005) and insulin sensitivity index (P = 0.01) in Caucasian young adults. Another SNP, rs10749127 C allele located in intron 4, was also associated with features of the metabolic syndrome, including elevated systolic (P = 0.02) and diastolic (P = 2.0 x 10(-4)) blood pressure, triglycerides (P = 7.0 x 10(-4)), and uric acid (P = 0.03). In a meta-analysis, the rs290487 C allele was confirmed to be associated with an increased risk of T2D (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.19; P = 0.005) across East Asian populations.
These findings support an important role for T2D risk-conferring gene TCF7L2 in insulin resistance in both Taiwanese and Caucasian youth and underscore the emerging role of Wnt signaling in insulin resistance.
- SourceAvailable from: Reza Malekzadeh
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- "These findings have implicated altered Wnt signaling in impaired glucose metabolism and diabetes. While the associations between these genetic variants and type 2 diabetes appear as extremely robust, their effects on cellular insulin response are not understood (Liu et al., 2009; Rasmussen-Torvik et al., 2009). In principal, the biological effects imparted by the common polymorphisms are too small to be measurable in artificial cell systems and animal models. "
ABSTRACT: Common genetic variations in Wnt signaling genes have been associated with metabolic syndrome and diabetes by mechanisms that are poorly understood. A rare nonconservative mutation in Wnt coreceptor LRP6 (LRP6(R611C)) has been shown to underlie autosomal dominant early onset coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. We examined the interplay between Wnt and insulin signaling pathways in skeletal muscle and skin fibroblasts of healthy nondiabetic LRP6(R611C) mutation carriers. LRP6 mutation carriers exhibited hyperinsulinemia and reduced insulin sensitivity compared to noncarrier relatives in response to oral glucose ingestion, which correlated with a significant decline in tissue expression of the insulin receptor and insulin signaling activity. Further investigations showed that the LRP6(R611C) mutation diminishes TCF7L2-dependent transcription of the IR while it increases the stability of IGFR and enhances mTORC1 activity. These findings identify the Wnt/LRP6/TCF7L2 axis as a regulator of glucose metabolism and a potential therapeutic target for insulin resistance.Cell metabolism 02/2013; 17(2):197-209. DOI:10.1016/j.cmet.2013.01.009 · 16.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: TCF7L2 genetic variants were associated with progression to type 2 diabetes in Europeans. However, the role of TCF7L2 in type 2 diabetes remained uncertain in Chinese. Seventeen tag single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 1,094 subjects of Chinese origin from the Stanford Asia-Pacific Program for Hypertension and Insulin Resistance family study. At baseline, the rs7903146 T allele in the exon 4 linkage disequilibrium (LD) block were associated with lower insulinogenic index at 60 min (P = 0.01), while the rs290481 G allele near the 3' end was associated with higher 2-h post-challenge glucose (P = 0.003) and insulin concentration (P = 0.02), elevated systolic (P = 0.01) and diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.006), lower waist circumference (P = 0.01), and increased steady-state plasma glucose (SSPG) concentration measured with modified insulin suppression test (P = 0.02). Over an average follow-up period of 5.43 years, participants with the rs7903146 T allele or variants in the same LD block, but not those with the rs290481 G allele, were more likely to progress to diabetes (hazard ratio = 2.61, 95% confidence interval, 1.27-5.39, P = 0.009) than were non-carriers. TCF7L2 gene expression was inversely associated with SSPG in human visceral (r = -0.73, P = 0.006) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (r = -0.62, P = 0.03). TCF7L2 may exert pleiotropic effects on insulin secretion or insulin resistance. However, only variants associated with impaired beta-cell function predict progression to diabetes in Chinese.Journal of Molecular Medicine 10/2009; 88(2):183-92. DOI:10.1007/s00109-009-0542-4 · 4.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The impact of the diabetes risk gene transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) on body weight is unclear. As TCF7L2 is expressed in adipose tissue and involved in Wnt-dependent regulation of adipogenesis, we studied the impact of TCF7L2 variants on body composition and weight loss during lifestyle intervention. We genotyped 309 German subjects at increased risk for type 2 diabetes for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs7903146, rs12255372, rs11196205, and rs7895340 in TCF7L2 and performed oral glucose tolerance tests before and after a 9-month lifestyle intervention. Fat distribution was quantified using whole-body magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy in a subgroup of 210 subjects. After adjustment for confounding variables, we observed a negative impact of the type 2 diabetes allele of SNP rs7903146 on change in BMI (P = 0.0034) and on changes in nonvisceral (P = 0.0032) and visceral fat (P = 0.0165) during lifestyle intervention. An association of rs7903146 with lifestyle intervention-induced changes in insulin secretion, glucose concentrations, liver fat, or insulin sensitivity were not detected (all P > 0.2). Essentially the same results were obtained with SNP rs1255372. In contrast, we found no effects of SNPs rs11196205 and rs7895340 on change in BMI (all P > or = 0.5). Our data reveal that diabetes-associated alleles of TCF7L2 are associated with less weight loss in response to lifestyle intervention. Thus, diabetes-associated TCF7L2 gene variation predicts the success of lifestyle intervention in terms of weight loss and determines individual susceptibility toward environmental factors.Diabetes 12/2009; 59(3):747-50. DOI:10.2337/db09-1050 · 8.47 Impact Factor