Surgical instruction for general practitioners: How, who and how often?

Department of Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.47). 06/2009; 63(7):1156-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2009.05.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Educational programmes, designed to meet the training needs of General Practitioners (GPs) performing minor surgical procedures, have previously been shown to increase their surgical workload. The change in the level of competence following these programmes has not been assessed. The aims of this study were two-fold: to evaluate the vertical mattress suture for construct validity and to assess the impact of plastic surgery training on the surgical skill of GPs. Thirty non-consultant hospital doctors and 27 self-selected GPs were included. Using a modified objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS) scoring system, construct validity of the vertical mattress suture was confirmed. The median total OSATS score was 16 points (26.7%) in the novice group (medical registrars), 38.5 points (64.2%) in the intermediate group (surgical SHOs) and 59 points (98.3%) in the expert group (surgical registrars, p<0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test). Objective assessment in the GP group immediately following practical instruction revealed a median overall improvement of 31.7% (19 points) in total OSATS scores (p<0.001, Friedman non-parametric test, F). At six months follow-up all course participants had improved compared to their baseline. A median overall improvement of 13 points (21.7%) was noted (p<0.001, F). However, the majority (80%, n=20) had deteriorated from the standard set immediately after the course with a median overall reduction in total OSATS scores of six points (10%, p=0.001, F). Plastic surgery training is immediately efficacious in improving the technical proficiency of GPs. Through objective assessment of a standardised suture task we demonstrated a low rate of educational decay of 10% over a six-month period.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess if the bench model fidelity interferes in the acquisition of rhomboid flap skills by medical students. Methods: Sixty novice medical students were randomly assigned to 5 practice conditions with instructor-directed Limberg rhomboid flap skills training: didactic materials (control group 1), low-fidelity rubberized line (group 2) or ethylene-vinyl acetate (group 3) bench models; high-fidelity chicken leg skin (group 4) or pig foot skin (group 5) bench models. Pretests and posttests were applied, and Global Rating Scale, effect size, and self-perceived confidence were used to evaluate all flap performances. Results: Medical students from groups 2 to 5 showed better flap performances based on the Global Rating Scale (all P < 0.05) and felt more confident to perform rhomboid flaps (all P < 0.05) compared to their peers from control group 1, regardless of bench model fidelity (all P > 0.05). The magnitude of the effect was considered large (>0.80) in all measurements. Conclusion: There was acquisition of rhomboid flap skills regardless of bench model fidelity.
    Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 10/2014; 25(6). DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000001094 · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The search for alternative and effective forms of training simulation is needed due to ethical and medico-legal aspects involved in training surgical skills on living patients, human cadavers and living animals. To evaluate if the bench model fidelity interferes in the acquisition of elliptical excision skills by novice medical students. Forty novice medical students were randomly assigned to 5 practice conditions with instructor-directed elliptical excision skills' training (n = 8): didactic materials (control); organic bench model (low-fidelity); ethylene-vinyl acetate bench model (low-fidelity); chicken legs' skin bench model (high-fidelity); or pig foot skin bench model (high-fidelity). Pre- and post-tests were applied. Global rating scale, effect size, and self-perceived confidence based on Likert scale were used to evaluate all elliptical excision performances. The analysis showed that after training, the students practicing on bench models had better performance based on Global rating scale (all P < 0.0000) and felt more confident to perform elliptical excision skills (all P < 0.0000) when compared to the control. There was no significant difference (all P > 0.05) between the groups that trained on bench models. The magnitude of the effect (basic cutaneous surgery skills' training) was considered large (>0.80) in all measurements. The acquisition of elliptical excision skills after instructor-directed training on low-fidelity bench models was similar to the training on high-fidelity bench models; and there was a more substantial increase in elliptical excision performances of students that trained on all simulators compared to the learning on didactic materials.
    Indian Journal of Dermatology 03/2014; 59(2):169-75. DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.127679
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Health service reconfigurations may result in increasing numbers of minor surgical procedures migrating from secondary care in hospitals to primary care in the community. Procedures may be performed by General Practitioners with a specialist interest in Surgery, or secondary care Surgeons who are sub-contracted to perform procedures in the community. Surgical training in such procedures, which are currently hospital based, may therefore be adversely affected unless surgical training also takes advantage of these opportunities. There is potential for surgical trainees to benefit from training in the community setting. ASiT supports the development of formal surgical training in the community setting for junior surgical trainees, providing high standards of patient care and training provision are ensured. Anticipated problems relating to the migration of surgical services to the community relate to the availability and quality assurance of training opportunities in primary care, its funding, including exposure to issues of indemnity cover for trainees, and also the release of surgical trainees from hospital duties in order to attend these training opportunities. These consensus recommendations set out a framework through which both patient care and training remain at the forefront of these continued service reconfigurations.
    International Journal of Surgery 09/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.08.403 · 1.65 Impact Factor