Psychosocial functioning and quality of life in children with AEC syndrome and their families

Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Psychiatry and Psychology Service, Texas Children's Hospital, 6621 Fannin St., Houston, TX 77030-2399, USA.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (Impact Factor: 2.16). 09/2009; 149A(9):1926-34. DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.32835
Source: PubMed


Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome, also known as Hay-Wells syndrome, is a rare genetic condition that results in abnormalities of the skin, hair, nails, and teeth and requires frequent self-management and medical care. We sought to describe the psychological adjustment and quality of life in children and adolescents with AEC syndrome, as well as the impact of the child's illness on their families. The sample included 18 children and adolescents with AEC syndrome and their parents who attended the International Research Symposium on AEC syndrome. Parents completed standardized self-report questionnaires about child and family functioning and participated in a semi-structured interview about the child's cognitive and social functioning and the impact of AEC syndrome on the child and family. Children completed standardized self-report questionnaires of psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Overall, results reflected a range of functioning across children and families, with some families reporting few ill effects of the condition and others describing reduced quality of life and negative impact on child and family. Identifying the domains that may be impacted should help clinicians better screen for problems in functioning of children affected by AEC syndrome and their families.

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    • "Blood, hair and nail specimens were also obtained for mutational, microscopic and immunohistochemical evaluation, with these results also presented within this special section [see Rinne et al, Dishop et al, Koster et al, Beaudry et al, 2009 this issue]. gastroenterology [see Motil et al, 2009 this issue], otorhinolaryngology [see Cole et al, 2009 this issue], ophthalmology, plastic surgery, and psychiatry [see Lane et al, 2009 this issue] to obtain and document clinical history and physical examination findings prospectively. The patients also donated tissue samples, including blood, hair and skin biopsies [see Rinne et al, Dishop et al, Koster et al, Beaudry et al, 2009 this issue]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome (Hay-Wells syndrome, MIM #106220) is a rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia syndrome. It is due to mutations in the TP63 gene, known to be a regulatory gene with many downstream gene targets. TP63 is important in the differentiation and proliferation of the epidermis, as well as many other processes including limb and facial development. It is also known that mutations in TP63 lead to skin erosions. These erosions, especially on the scalp, are defining features of AEC syndrome and cause significant morbidity and mortality in these patients. It was this fact that led to the 2003 AEC Skin Erosion Workshop. That conference laid the groundwork for the International Research Symposium for AEC Syndrome held at Texas Children's Hospital in 2006. The conference brought together the largest cohort of individuals with AEC syndrome, along with a multitude of physicians and scientists. The overarching goals were to define the clinical and pathologic findings for improved diagnostic criteria, to obtain tissue samples for further study and to define future research directions. The symposium was successful in accomplishing these aims as detailed in this conference report. Following our report, we also present 11 manuscripts within this special section that outline the collective clinical, pathologic, and mutational data from 18 individuals enrolled in the concurrent Baylor College of Medicine IRB-approved protocol: Characterization of AEC syndrome. These collaborative findings will hopefully provide a stepping-stone to future translational projects of TP63 and TP63-related syndromes.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 09/2009; 149A(9):1885-93. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.32761 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The International Research Symposium on Ankyloblepharon-Ectodermal Defects-Cleft Lip/Palate ((AEC) Syndrome, that was supported by the National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias (NFED) through a grant from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) and the National Institutes of Health Office of Rare Diseases (NIH-ORD), brought together physicians, scientists, and 23 individuals affected by AEC syndrome from 13 families. Eighteen of the AEC-affected individuals were enrolled in an IRB-approved protocol through Baylor College of Medicine. Enrolled participants had clinical evaluations by multiple subspecialists, and additionally submitted blood for mutational analysis and skin specimens for pathologic evaluation. One of the goals of the conference was to define clinical and pathologic findings for improved diagnostic criteria, with the hope of determining genotype-phenotype correlations that might aid in predicting prognosis or directing therapeutics. What we found was wide interfamilial and intrafamilial variability in the manifestations of the syndrome. We were unable to identify any specific genotype-phenotype correlations. This may relate to our small sample size or other unknown epigenetic factors that are also at play in the expression and manifestation of the syndrome in specific individuals.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 09/2009; 149A(9):1894-9. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.32788 · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ectodermal dysplasias are a complex, heritable group of syndromes that affect derivatives of ectoderm. The dermatologist plays an important role in ectodermal dysplasias as the visible defects of skin, hair, and nails are often recognized first. Our objective was to examine how quality of life relates to the degree of skin involvement in ectodermal dysplasias. Subjects (n = 42) with ectodermal dysplasias were surveyed at national and regional conferences hosted by National Foundation for Ectodermal Dysplasias on July 26 to 28, 2007 and November 17, 2007. Severity of hypohidrosis, alopecia, and fingernail involvement were measured using validated Likert scales. The quality of life was measured using the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index in children, and the Skindex-29 and RAND Short Form-36 in adults. The severity for all subjects (n = 42) was greatest for hypohidrosis, which clinically translated into "little ability to sweat." We found that the greatest impact on quality of life was related to the actual symptoms of ectodermal dysplasias, which is not surprising as almost all participants reported skin involvement (93%), most likely related to hypohidrosis, atopic dermatitis, skin erosions and infections. The symptoms of ectodermal dysplasias may also be related to the nail involvement, as manifested by dystrophic or fragmented nails. Alopecia did not play a significant role in the quality of life burden. The challenge of providing proper skin care emphasizes the benefit of dermatologic involvement, and the need for increased recognition and enhanced awareness of the cutaneous burden in ectodermal dysplasias.
    Pediatric Dermatology 05/2010; 27(3):260-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01121.x · 1.02 Impact Factor
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