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Bacillus solisalsi sp. nov., a halotolerant, alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from soil around a salt lake.

Biotoxin Units of Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, PR China.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (Impact Factor: 2.8). 07/2009; 59(Pt 6):1460-4. DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.000653-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel Gram-positive, motile, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a saline soil in China was characterized by a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The strain, designated YC1(T), was halotolerant [tolerating up to 15 % (w/v) NaCl] and alkaliphilic (growing at a broad pH range of 5-13). 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that the isolate belonged to the genus Bacillus, showing highest similarity to Bacillus macauensis JCM 13285(T) (98.0 %). However, DNA-DNA hybridization indicated low levels of genomic relatedness with B. macauensis JCM 13285(T) (8.5 %). The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7 and the cellular fatty acid profile consisted of significant amounts of iso-C(15 : 0) (38.6 %) and anteiso-C(15 : 0) (35.9 %). The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 41.8 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence from this study, strain YC1(T) (=KCTC 13181(T)=CGMCC 1.6854(T)) should be classified as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus solisalsi sp. nov. is proposed.

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