Streptomyces axinellae sp. nov., isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides (Porifera).
ABSTRACT An actinomycete strain, isolated from the marine sponge Axinella polypoides collected from Banyuls-sur-Mer, France, was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Based on its chemotaxonomic and morphological characteristics, strain Pol001(T) belongs to the genus Streptomyces. The strain is characterized by ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall, menaquinones MK-9(H(4), H(6), H(8)) and a DNA G+C content of 71.0 mol%. It forms a separate phyletic line based on phylogenetic analyses of the nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence. Strain Pol001(T) could be differentiated from other closely related Streptomyces species with validly published names by phenotypic and genotypic analysis. DNA-DNA hybridization between strain Pol001(T) and closely related reference strains further confirmed that strain Pol001(T) represents a novel taxon of the genus Streptomyces. Therefore, it is proposed that strain Pol001(T) represents a novel species in the genus Streptomyces, Streptomyces axinellae sp. nov.; the type strain is Pol001(T) (=DSM 41948(T) =CIP 109838(T)).
Article: Anti-parasitic compounds from Streptomyces sp. strains isolated from Mediterranean sponges.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Actinomycetes are prolific producers of pharmacologically important compounds accounting for about 70% of the naturally derived antibiotics that are currently in clinical use. In this study, we report on the isolation of Streptomyces sp. strains from Mediterranean sponges, on their secondary metabolite production and on their screening for anti-infective activities. Bioassay-guided isolation and purification yielded three previously known compounds namely, cyclic depsipeptide valinomycin, indolocarbazole alkaloid staurosporine and butenolide. This is the first report of the isolation of valinomycin from a marine source. These compounds exhibited novel anti-parasitic activities specifically against Leishmania major (valinomycin IC(50) < 0.11 microM; staurosporine IC(50) 5.30 microM) and Trypanosoma brucei brucei (valinomycin IC(50) 0.0032 microM; staurosporine IC(50) 0.022 microM; butenolide IC(50) 31.77 microM). These results underscore the potential of marine actinomycetes to produce bioactive compounds as well as the re-evaluation of previously known compounds for novel anti-infective activities.Marine Drugs 01/2010; 8(2):373-80. · 3.85 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Four new tetromycin derivatives, tetromycins 1-4 and a previously known one, tetromycin B (5) were isolated from Streptomyces axinellae Pol001(T) cultivated from the Mediterranean sponge Axinella polypoides. Structures were assigned using extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy as well as HRESIMS analysis. The compounds were tested for antiparasitic activities against Leishmania major and Trypanosoma brucei, and for protease inhibition against several cysteine proteases such as falcipain, rhodesain, cathepsin L, cathepsin B, and viral proteases SARS-CoV M(pro), and PL(pro). The compounds showed antiparasitic activities against T. brucei and time-dependent inhibition of cathepsin L-like proteases with K(i) values in the low micromolar range.Marine Drugs 01/2011; 9(10):1682-97. · 3.85 Impact Factor