Two MHC class I molecules associated with elite control of immunodeficiency virus replication, Mamu-B*08 and HLA-B*2705, bind peptides with sequence similarity.
ABSTRACT HLA-B27- and -B57-positive HIV-infected humans have long been associated with control of HIV replication, implying that CD8(+) T cell responses contribute to control of viral replication. In a similar fashion, 50% of Mamu-B*08-positive Indian rhesus macaques control SIVmac239 replication and become elite controllers with chronic-phase viremia <1000 viral RNA copies/ml. Interestingly, Mamu-B*08-restricted SIV-derived epitopes appeared to match the peptide binding profile for HLA-B*2705 in humans. We therefore defined a detailed peptide-binding motif for Mamu-B*08 and investigated binding similarities between the macaque and human MHC class I molecules. Analysis of a panel of approximately 900 peptides revealed that despite substantial sequence differences between Mamu-B*08 and HLA-B*2705, the peptide-binding repertoires of these two MHC class I molecules share a remarkable degree of overlap. Detailed knowledge of the Mamu-B*08 peptide-binding motif enabled us to identify six additional novel Mamu-B*08-restricted SIV-specific CD8(+) T cell immune responses directed against epitopes in Gag, Vpr, and Env. All 13 Mamu-B*08-restricted epitopes contain an R at the position 2 primary anchor and 10 also possess either R or K at the N terminus. Such dibasic peptides are less prone to cellular degradation. This work highlights the relevance of the Mamu-B*08-positive SIV-infected Indian rhesus macaque as a model to examine elite control of immunodeficiency virus replication. The remarkable similarity of the peptide-binding motifs and repertoires for Mamu-B*08 and HLA-B*2705 suggests that the nature of the peptide bound by the MHC class I molecule may play an important role in control of immunodeficiency virus replication.
Article: Evidence for the Formation of Acylated or Phosphorylated Monoperoxyphthalates in the Catalytic Esterolytic Reactions in Cationic Surfactant Aggregates.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Monoperoxyphthalate (MPP) was solubilized in three different aqueous cationic surfactant aggregates composed of (i) a micellar cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTACl) solution; (ii) an oil-in-water (O/W) microemulsion (ME) stabilized by CTACl, and a cosurfactant, tert-butyl alcohol, and (iii) a vesicular medium composed of dispersions of dihexadecyldimethylammonium chloride (DHDAC). At pH approximately 8.5 and 25 degrees C, each of these formulations was used to cleave p-nitrophenyl diphenyl phosphate (PNPDPP). The aggregate and the maximum pseudo-first-order rate constants ([MPP] = 4 x 10(-)(5) M, and [PNPDPP] = 1 x 10(-)(5) M) for the PNPDPP cleavages are the following: buffer alone, 0.00034 s(-)(1); micelle: 0.024 s(-)(1); ME: 0.0048 s(-)(1); and vesicle: 0.025 s(-)(1). Importantly all the catalytic formulations showed "turnover" behavior in the presence of excess substrates. By the combined use of (1)H- and (31)P-NMR spectrometry and synthesis, it was possible to provide evidence for the formation of acylated or phosphorylated monoperoxypthalates in the catalytic hydrolyses in cationic surfactant aggregates.The Journal of Organic Chemistry 05/1997; 62(7):2198-2204. · 4.45 Impact Factor
Article: Decrypting the structure of major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitopes with complex peptide libraries.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Complex synthetic peptide libraries with defined amino acids in one or more positions of the H-2Kb-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes SIINFEKL and RGYVYQGL and mixtures of 19 amino acids in the remaining positions were used to analyze the structural requirements of peptide binding to MHC class I molecules and antigen recognition by CTLs. This approach provides means to assess semiquantitatively the contribution of every amino acid to the binding of peptides to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules without biases introduced by naturally processed peptides. Primary and secondary anchor residues were defined for their major contribution to the binding efficiency of the peptides. In contrast to primary anchors, secondary anchor amino acids vary greatly in their side chains and position in the sequences. All amino acids in the octapeptide sequences were found to exhibit positive or negative influences on binding to the MHC molecules and on recognition of the resulting complexes by CTLs. Strong interdependence of the effects of the individual residues in the epitope sequences was demonstrated. CTL responses to peptide libraries were suppressed when residues were introduced; however, they were augmented when the critical residues for T cell recognition were fixed, suggesting a potential use of the peptide libraries for defining epitope sequences in general.Journal of Experimental Medicine 07/1995; 181(6):2097-108. · 13.85 Impact Factor