Hydrocortisone Treatment in Girls with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Inhibits Serum Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate and Affects the GH-IGF-I System
Hospital de Pediatría Garrahan, Endocrinology Service, Buenos Aires, Argentina.Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM (Impact Factor: 1). 03/2009; 22(3):255-61. DOI: 10.1515/JPEM.2009.22.3.255
Sex hormones are modulators of the GH/ IGF-I system. We have hypothesized that the inhibition of DHEAS in treated girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) might affect this modulation. We analyzed serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3 and DHEAS in 17 prepubertal (Pp) and 32 pubertal (Pu) girls with CAH, under hydrocortisone replacement therapy, in the presence of normal (Gr1) or high (Gr2) serum testosterone (T) and androstenedione (A) levels. All groups had appropriate normal controls. Serum DHEAS in patients with CAH was significantly lower than in the respective controls (p < 0.04), except for Pp CAH Gr2. Serum IGF-I, but not serum IGFBP-3, in CAH subgroups was significantly higher than in the respective controls (p < 0.05), except for Pp CAH Gr2. It is concluded that glucocorticoid treatment of girls with CAH results in hypofunction of the adrenal zona reticularis. Low levels of serum DHEAS could be involved in the regulation of IGF-I biological response in target tissues. Additional studies are necessary to confirm these findings.
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ABSTRACT: It has been shown that changes in IGF-I and IGFBP levels in children with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (CAH) are correlated with different states of metabolic control. Our approach was to analyze the serum levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-3, their molar ratio IGF-I:IGFBP-3 (MR), and ALS in a cohort of CAH children and adolescents, and their associations with different clinical and biochemical parameters. 56 patients, aged between 5.6 and 19.0 years were studied cross-sectionally. All patients had genetically proven CAH and received standard steroid substitution therapy. We measured serum levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and ALS by commercial ELISA and calculated MR and assigned population-based SD scores (SDS). (median, quartiles) Overall IGF-I was not significantly altered (0.05 SDS, -1.21, 0.92), whereas IGFBP-3 was significantly elevated (1.50 SDS; 0.58, 1.95, p<0.0001) compared to the reference population. Consecutively, MR was decreased (-0.64 SDS; -1.38, 0.32; p=0.0017). ALS was clearly decreased (-1.95 SDS; -3.075, -1.00; p<0.0001). ALS, IGF-I, MR, and IGFBP-3 SDS were lower in pubertal than in prepubertal patients (p<0.05). ALS SDS were lower in girls (p=0.0038). Correlation analyses (r(s), p) revealed correlations between MR/ALS and chronological age (-0.583, <0.0001/-0.428, 0.0010), MR/ALS and Tanner stages (-0.500, <0.0001/-0.334, 0.0118), MR/ALS and bone age (0.407, 0.0075/0.426, 0.0049), and between MR and ALS (0.405, 0.0020), respectively. For MR and ALS, we found no significant correlations for BMI, HOMA-IR, hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone dosage, or parameters of metabolic control. Our data provide evidence that the components of the trimeric IGF-I-IGFBP-3-ALS complex are altered in CAH children with possible implications on pubertal growth and final height.Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society 05/2011; 21(4):191-8. DOI:10.1016/j.ghir.2011.05.001 · 1.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There have been only a few studies on adrenarche in girls with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) showing that dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels did not rise at the physiological age of adrenarche. Longitudinal analysis of serum DHEAS levels and Tanner stages in CAH children. We studied 98 CAH patients (52 females), aged between 1 month and 18.0 years. All patients had genetically proven classic CAH and received steroid substitution therapy. Serum DHEAS levels did not differ between CAH children and healthy children from the age of 1 year until 5-6 years. Beginning at the age of 7-8 years, there was a continuous but blunted increase in DHEAS levels in CAH boys and girls compared to healthy children. There was no correlation of DHEAS levels with the genotype, glucocorticoid dosage, auxological data, or quality of metabolic control. Pubarche (PH2) as well as gonadarche (G2) and thelarche (B2) occurred significantly earlier in CAH boys and girls than in the reference group, but timing of menarche was normal. Pubarche and adrenarche are dissociated in classic CAH: earlier pubarche, gonadarche and thelarche, respectively, in both sexes contrast with the absence of typical adrenarche.Hormone Research in Paediatrics 11/2011; 76(6):400-10. DOI:10.1159/000333696 · 1.57 Impact Factor
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