Effects of epigallocatechin gallate on the oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen and its main metabolite, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, in rats.

College of Pharmacy, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
Anti-cancer drugs (Impact Factor: 1.89). 05/2009; 20(7):584-8. DOI: 10.1097/CAD.0b013e32832d6834
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen and its metabolite, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, were investigated in rats. A single dose of tamoxifen was administered intravenously (2 mg/kg) and orally (10 mg/kg) with or without epigallocatechin (0.5, 3 and 10 mg/kg) to rats. The presence of EGCG significantly altered the pharmacokinetics of orally administered tamoxifen. Compared with the oral control group (given tamoxifen alone), the area under the plasma concentration-time curve and the peak plasma concentration of tamoxifen significantly (P<0.05 for 3 mg/kg of EGCG, P<0.01 for 10 mg/kg of EGCG) increased 48.4-77.0 and 57.1-89.7%, respectively. Consequently, the absolute bioavailability of tamoxifen in the presence of EGCG (3 and 10 mg/kg) was 48.9-78.1%, which was significantly enhanced (P<0.05 for 3 mg/kg of EGCG, P<0.01 for 10 mg/kg of EGCG) compared with the oral control group (23.7%). Moreover, the relative bioavailability of tamoxifen was 1.48-1.77-fold greater than that of the control group. EGCG at a dose of 10 mg/kg significantly increased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (P<0.05, 40.3%) of 4-hydroxytamoxifen, but the metabolite-parent ratio of 4-hydroxytamoxifen was also significantly altered (P<0.05 for 10 mg/kg of EGCG), implying that the formation of 4-hydroxytamoxifen was considerably affected by EGCG. The increase in bioavailability of tamoxifen is likely to be due to the decrease in first-pass metabolism in the intestine and liver by inhibition of P-glycoprotein and CYP3A by EGCG. The increase in oral bioavailability of tamoxifen in the presence of EGCG should be taken into consideration of potential drug interactions between tamoxifen and EGCG.

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