Article

Feeding problems reported by parents of young children with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy and their associations with children’s glycemic control

Division of Child Behavioral Health, Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital and The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5318, USA.
Pediatric Diabetes (Impact Factor: 2.13). 04/2009; 10(7):455-60. DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-5448.2009.00506.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Previous research demonstrated high rates of perceived mealtime behavior problems in families of young children with type 1 diabetes who were managed with conventional therapy. Because of new insulin regimens that offer greater flexibility, reexamination of mealtime behaviors is required. We assessed parent-reported mealtime behaviors in a sample of young children using an insulin pump. An additional aim was to evaluate the associations of two measures of parental feeding behavior with children's glycemic control.
Primary caregivers of 31 young children (mean age = 5.0 +/- 1.3 yr) completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and the Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale (BPFAS). Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) was used as a surrogate marker for children's glycemic control.
Children had a mean HbA1c of 7.8 +/- 0.64%. Mean CFQ - Restriction and Pressure to Eat scores were 3.1 +/- 0.94 and 2.0 +/- 0.88, respectively (range = 1-5). Mean BPFAS - Parent and Child scores were 16.0 +/- 4.3 (range = 10-50) and 44.9 +/- 9.3 (range = 25-125), respectively. Positive correlations were found between children's HbA1c levels and caregivers' reporting of frequency of child mealtime behavior problems.
Caregivers of young children on pump therapy report relatively low rates of mealtime behavior problems. However, correlations with children's HbA1c suggest that parent-child mealtime behaviors continue to relate to children's health outcomes. Research is needed to determine if changing mealtime interactions can improve children's glycemic control; items from the BPFAS and CFQ can offer targets to guide interventions.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Laura B Smith, Jul 11, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
120 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is an increase in the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children younger than 5 years of age and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) appears to be an increasingly popular therapeutic option in France. A retrospective self-evaluation questionnaire was distributed to parents of young children with T1D treated by CSII (42 children, age 4.8±1.0 years, 2.3±0.5 years at the onset of TD1, mean± SD). It focused on the quality of diabetes management in daycare centers or with nannies and at school. Parental satisfaction related to the management of their children was overall good (84% for all the parents, 70.5% for the parents of children at nursery-school, from 3 to 6 years. However 93% of the parents experienced and overcame serious difficulties: exclusion of the children on account of DT1 (school trips, daycare centers after school), use of the pump for lunch and snacks, realization of glycemic controls, participation in school trips, survey during school meals. In spite of these difficulties these young children had a normal and safe time at school. The management of the young children with DT1, treated by CSII, in alternate care centers and at school need to be improved; the experience was positive when daycare workers and teachers agreed to be instructed.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 12/2013; 20 Suppl 4:S149-56. DOI:10.1016/S0929-693X(13)71430-1 · 0.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Parents of young children with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) maintain full responsibility for their child's daily diabetes self-care and thus may be vulnerable to experiencing parenting stress. This study examined several psychological correlates of pediatric parenting stress in parents of young children with T1DM. Parents of 39 young children with T1DM (ages 2-7 years) completed measures of pediatric parenting stress, mealtime behavior problems, depressive symptoms, and fear of hypoglycemia. For parents of young children, higher stress frequency and difficulty were associated with higher parental depressive symptoms and fear. Regression analyses identified that 58% of the variance in stress frequency was associated with parental depressive symptoms. For stress difficulty, 68% of the variance was associated with parental depressive symptoms and fear. Pediatric parenting stress is common in parents of young children with T1DM. Stress and the psychological correlates measured in this study are amenable to intervention and should be regularly assessed in parents of young children with T1DM.
    Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 06/2011; 18(4):345-52. DOI:10.1007/s10880-011-9256-1 · 1.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes is primarily an autoimmune disease and type 2 diabetes is primarily a metabolic condition. However, medical nutrition therapy is an integral part of management for both types of diabetes to improve glycaemic control and reduce the risk of complications. To outline the principles of dietary management in type 1 and type 2 diabetes and provide strategies to assist in overcoming common difficulties related to diet. All people with diabetes should be provided with quality professional education on medical nutrition therapy upon diagnosis, and at regular intervals thereafter. For children and adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes, the challenge is to maintain good glycaemic control while providing adequate energy for growth and development. Modification in dietary advice is required, depending on developmental stage. In type 2 diabetes, the initial challenge is to achieve weight loss of 5-10% body weight, normalise blood glucose and reduce cardiovascular risk factors. Specific strategies include a kilojoule controlled diet with reduced saturated fat, trans fat and sodium; moderate protein; and high in dietary fibre and low glycaemic index carbohydrates. Carbohydrates should be spread evenly throughout the day and matched to medication.
    Australian family physician 08/2010; 39(8):579-83. · 0.67 Impact Factor