Article

Radiographic Absorptiometry as a Screening Tool in Male Osteoporosis: Results from the Odense Androgen Study

Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Kloevervaenget 6.3, Odense, Denmark.
Acta Radiologica (Impact Factor: 1.35). 07/2009; 50(6):658-63. DOI: 10.1080/02841850902912036
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Osteoporosis screening with dual-energy absorptiometry (DXA) is not recommended due to low diagnostic utility and costs. Radiographic absorptiometry (RA) determines bone mineral density (BMD) of the phalangeal bones of the hand and is a potential osteoporosis pre-screening tool.
To determine the ability of RA to identify patients with osteoporosis in a male population.
As part of the Odense Androgen Study, we measured BMD of the intermediate phalanges of the second to fourth finger, lumbar spine (L2-L4), and total hip in 218 men aged 60-74 years (mean 68.8 years), randomly invited from the population, using RA (MetriScan) and DXA (Hologic 4500-A). Osteopenia and osteoporosis were defined as a T-score of less than -1.0 and -2.5, respectively, in the hip and/or lumbar spine. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the curve (AUC) were computed.
BMD(RA) of the phalanges correlated significantly with BMD(DXA) of the hip (R=0.47, P<0.001) and lumbar spine (R=0.46, P<0.001). A total of 105 men (48.2%) were osteopenic and 15 (6.9%) osteoporotic. The AUC (SE) value for detecting osteoporosis was 0.75 (0.06). The sensitivity and specificity of RA in identifying osteoporosis were 0.93 and 0.50, respectively.
BMD(RA) correlated weakly with BMD(DXA) of the lumbar spine and total hip, and RA has a moderate ability to identify osteoporotic individuals. Nevertheless, RA may be used as a pre-screening tool in men, since the diagnosis may be ruled out in half the population at little cost.

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