Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is the most common iatrogenic form of osteoporosis. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of once-weekly bisphosphonate therapy for prevention and treatment of bone loss in patients on glucocorticoid therapy.
We conducted a 12-month, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 114 and 59 patients in the treatment and placebo arms, respectively. Participants were stratified according to the duration of prior oral glucocorticoid therapy at randomization. Participants received alendronate 70 mg once weekly (ALN OW) or placebo; all received supplemental daily calcium (1000 mg) and 400 IU vitamin D. Clinical evaluations were performed at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months.
At 12 months, there was a significant mean percentage increase from baseline in the ALN OW group for lumbar spine (2.45%), trochanter (1.27%), total hip (0.75%), and total body (1.70%) bone mineral density (BMD). Comparing ALN OW versus placebo at 12 months, a significant treatment difference for the mean percentage change from baseline was observed for lumbar spine (treatment difference of 2.92%; p </= 0.001), trochanter (treatment difference 1.66%; p = 0.007), and total hip (treatment difference 1.19; p = 0.008) BMD. Biochemical markers of bone remodeling also showed significant mean percentage decreases from baseline.
Over 12 months ALN OW significantly increased lumbar spine, trochanter, total hip, and total body BMD compared with baseline among patients taking glucocorticoid therapy. A significant treatment difference versus placebo was observed at 12 months for the mean percentage change from baseline for lumbar spine, trochanter, and total hip.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by an increased risk of fracture and is usually provoked by an alteration of bone metabolism of multiple pathogenic causes. Exogenous risk factors are important, mainly drugs. The present article reviews several commonly used drugs that can induce osteoporosis. La osteoporosis (OP) es una enfermedad sistémica que se caracteriza por aumento del riesgo de fractura. Generalmente se produce por una alteración del metabolismo óseo de diferentes causas patogénicas. Los factores exógenos son importantes, fundamentalmente los fármacos. A continuación se revisan diferentes fármacos que se utilizan frecuentemente y que pueden inducir OP.
Seminarios de la Fundación Española de Reumatología 10/2009; DOI:10.1016/j.semreu.2009.09.002
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis is one of the most important side-effects of glucocorticoid use, leading to an increased fracture risk. In this review, recent advances in the understanding of the mechanisms of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis are summarised. Methods to identify persons at risk for fractures are discussed, as well as the new ACR recommendations for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (2010). Different treatment options are summarised considering the pathogenesis of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Improved insights into pathogenesis might result in development of new treatment possibilities.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) is a serious consequence of glucocorticoid therapy leading to fractures in 30-50% of patients. A wide range of protective medications have been studied in this condition including calcium, vitamin D, vitamin D analogs, oral and intravenous bisphosphonates, sex hormones, anabolic agents and calcitonin. The mechanism of action, and evidence for these therapies, are reviewed - focusing on important trials and new evidence. Recently published guidelines are also reviewed and compared. Bisphosphonates are currently the recommended first-line therapy for the prevention and treatment of GIO. They have been shown to increase bone mineral density (BMD) at the spine and hip and to decrease the incidence of vertebral fractures (especially in postmenopausal women). Testosterone therapy and female hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have been found to increase lumbar spine BMD in hypogonadal patients on glucocorticoid therapy, but effects on hip BMD have not been consistent and there is no fracture data in the GIO population. Similarly, calcitonin increases lumbar spine BMD but has no proven fracture efficacy. The effect of selective estrogen receptor modulators, the oral contraceptive pill and strontium on GIO is relatively unknown. Parathyroid hormone (PTH 1-34) and zoledronic acid have emerged as exciting new options for the treatment of GIO. Both therapies have been found to result in gains in BMD at the spine and hip that are either noninferior or superior to those seen with oral bisphosphonate therapy. PTH 1-34 has also been found to decrease the incidence of new vertebral fractures and may be an option in high-risk patients established on long-term glucocorticoid therapy.
Therapeutic advances in musculoskeletal disease 04/2009; 1(2):71-85. DOI:10.1177/1759720X09343729
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.