Optimal coupling of entangled photons into single-mode optical fibers.
ABSTRACT We present a consistent multimode theory that describes the coupling of single photons generated by collinear Type-I parametric downconversion into single-mode optical fibers. We have calculated an analytic expression for the fiber diameter which maximizes the pair photon count rate. For a given focal length and wavelength, a lower limit of the fiber diameter for satisfactory coupling is obtained.
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ABSTRACT: We investigate schemes for generating polarization-entangled photon pairs in standard optical fibres. The advantages of a double-loop scheme are explored through comparison with two other schemes, namely, the Sagnac-loop scheme and the counter-propagating scheme. Experimental measurements with the double-loop scheme verify the predicted advantages.New Journal of Physics 08/2007; 9(8):289. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We develop a theoretical analysis of four-wave mixing used to generate photon pairs useful for quantum information processing. The analysis applies to a single mode microstructured fibre pumped by an ultra-short coherent pulse in the normal dispersion region. Given the values of the optical propagation constant inside the fibre, we can estimate the created number of photon pairs per pulse, their central wavelength and their respective bandwidth. We use the experimental results from a picosecond source of correlated photon pairs using a micro-structured fibre to validate the model. The fibre is pumped in the normal dispersion regime at 708nm and phase matching is satisfied for widely spaced parametric wavelengths of 586nm and 894nm. We measure the number of photons per pulse using a loss-independent coincidence scheme and compare the results with the theoretical expectation. We show a good agreement between the theoretical expectations and the experimental results for various fibre lengths and pump powers. Comment: 23 pages, 9 figuresNew Journal of Physics 01/2006; · 4.06 Impact Factor