Efficacy of intramuscular interferon beta-1a in patients with clinically isolated syndrome: analysis of subgroups based on new risk criteria
ABSTRACT Approximately 85% of multiple sclerosis (MS) cases begin as clinically isolated syndromes (CIS). Results from the Controlled High-Risk Subjects Avonex((R)) Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study (CHAMPS) demonstrated that, in patients with CIS, treatment with intramuscular (IM) interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a) 30 mug once weekly delayed conversion to clinically definite MS (CDMS) in the total population and in subgroups based on presenting syndromes and baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics. Changes to clinical and MRI risk classification of presenting symptoms in recent studies prompted reanalysis of CHAMPS data. Presenting syndromes were assessed using a derived algorithm that stratifies patients into mono- or multifocal categories based on functional system scores. The ability of IM IFNbeta-1a to delay progression to CDMS in subgroups based on clinical presentation and MRI characteristics was assessed. Reanalysis of CHAMPS patients showed that 30% could be classified by clinical criteria as having multifocal disease at baseline. IM IFNbeta-1a initiated at a first demyelinating attack delayed CDMS in monofocal patients (P = 0.0013), patients with or without gadolinium-enhancing lesions (P = 0.0007, P = 0.0405) and patients with at least nine T2 lesions at baseline (P = 0.0044). These data confirm that IM IFNbeta-1a delays conversion to CDMS in patients with CIS.
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ABSTRACT: Objective Determine whether MRI activity 6 months after treatment initiation in the Controlled High-Risk Subjects Avonex® Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study (CHAMPS) predicted progression to clinically definite multiple sclerosis (CDMS) over the subsequent 30 months in intramuscular interferon beta-1a (IM IFNβ-1a)-treated patients versus placebo-treated patients. Methods CHAMPS patients were randomized to once-weekly IM IFNβ-1a 30 μg or placebo for up to 36 months. MRI was performed every 6 months until CDMS confirmation. Patient groups were defined based on new T2 and/or Gd+ lesions at 6 months. Results Thirteen IM IFNβ-1a patients (6.7%) and 24 placebo patients (12.6%) developed CDMS prior to month 6 and did not undergo the 6-month MRI. At 6 months, 29.7% of IM IFNβ-1a-treated patients versus 40.9% of placebo-treated patients were defined as having high MRI activity levels (≥2 new T2 and/or ≥2 Gd+ lesions). In this subgroup, estimated cumulative probabilities of CDMS were similar between groups (HR=0.88 [0.44–1.77], p=0.7227). A significant treatment response was seen for patients with <2 new T2 and <2 Gd+ lesions at 6 months (HR=0.39 [0.19–0.82], p=0.0120). Conclusion MRI scans 6 months after IM IFNβ-1a initiation in CIS patients predicts early treatment non-response. Standardized scanning and monitoring may facilitate early disease management.08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.msard.2014.08.003
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ABSTRACT: More than half of patients with a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) develop clinically definite mul-tiple sclerosis (CDMS). Patients at high risk for CDMS often present with asymptomatic lesions characteristic of CDMS on magnetic resonance imaging scans, although an absence of asymptomatic lesions is not atypical. Phase 3 studies of interferon beta in patients with a CIS suggest that this treat-ment can delay conversion to CDMS and reduce the risk of new asymptomatic white matter lesions. We reviewed phase 3 studies (CHAMPS, BENEFIT, and ETOMS) and post hoc analyses assessing the efficacy of interferon beta in delaying CDMS in patients with a CIS. The evidence supports early ini-tiation of treatment. Int J MS Care. 2010;12:42–50.04/2010; 12(1). DOI:10.7224/1537-2073-12.1.42
01/2014; 34:110-117. DOI:10.7705/biomedica.v34i1.1541