DNA vaccination against macrophage migration inhibitory factor improves atopic dermatitis in murine models.
ABSTRACT Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. Recently, we developed a novel DNA vaccine that generates neutralizing endogenous anti-MIF antibodies.
This study explores the preventive and therapeutic effects of this MIF-DNA vaccine in mouse models of AD.
Two different AD model mice (DS-Nh and NC/Nga) received MIF-DNA vaccination to analyze preventive and therapeutic effects, as assessed by clinical skin scores, histologic findings, and serum IgE levels.
In murine models of AD, MIF-DNA vaccination prevented the occurrence of the AD skin phenotype. Furthermore, administration of MIF-DNA vaccine to mice that had already developed AD produced a rapid improvement in AD skin manifestation. There were reduced histologic signs of inflammation and lower serum IgE levels in treated mice compared with those seen in control animals. Finally, passive transfer of IgG from MIF-DNA vaccinated mice to AD mice also produced a significant therapeutic effect. These results demonstrate that MIF-DNA vaccination not only prevents the development of AD but also improves the symptoms of pre-existing AD.
Taken together, the induction of an anti-MIF autoantibody response using MIF-DNA vaccination appears to be a useful approach in the treatment of AD.
- SourceAvailable from: InTech11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-722-2
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ABSTRACT: Recently, evidence has been obtained to suggest that inflammation is provoked through upregulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression by steroids. However, little is known regarding the effect of steroids on MIF expression in human keratinocytes and the counter-effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a member of the class of green tea polyphenols. We determined whether or not steroids cause the upregulation of MIF in human keratinocytes, and if so, whether or not EGCG suppresses MIF upregulation in keratinocytes by steroids. We then assessed the effects of EGCG on MIF-induced Th-related chemokine and cytokine expression in keratinocytes. HaCaT keratinocytes were first treated with dexamethasone in the presence or absence of EGCG in the culture medium. The keratinocytes were then treated with recombinant human (rh)-MIF in the presence or absence of EGCG in the culture medium. The expression of mRNA and protein in Th-related cytokines and chemokines, including MIF in the keratinocytes, was measured by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Dexamethasone significantly enhanced MIF expression in human keratinocytes, and EGCG significantly downregulated the expression of dexamethasone-induced MIF. EGCG also significantly downregulated rh-MIF-induced expression of Th-related cytokines and chemokines, such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18, transforming growth factor-β, CCL17, CCL22 and CXCL10, in human keratinocytes. These results demonstrated that EGCG may have a novel pharmacological effect to prevent steroid-induced tachyphylaxis and inflammation by suppressing the expression of MIF in human keratinocytes.British Journal of Dermatology 11/2011; 166(3):653-7. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a critical immunoregulatory pluripotent cytokine. It has been re-evaluated as a proinflammatory cytokine, pituitary hormone and glucocorticoid-induced immunoregulatory protein. MIF exists in human epidermis, especially in the basal layer and also is expressed constitutively by monocytes/macrophages, T cells, B cells, endocrine, and epithelial cells. In the field of dermatology, MIF is believed to be a detrimental factor in inflammatory dermatological diseases including atopic dermatitis (AD), psoriasis, vitiligo, pemphigus vulgaris, bullous pemphigoid (BP), alopecia areata (AA) as well as other conditions such as photoaging, and photocarcinigenesis. The objective of this review is to gather and summarize MIF related disorders in dermatology and present valuable information for readers and researchers.Indian Journal of Dermatology 01/2013; 58(2):157.