DNA vaccination against macrophage migration inhibitory factor improves atopic dermatitis in murine models.
ABSTRACT Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a proinflammatory cytokine that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of AD. Recently, we developed a novel DNA vaccine that generates neutralizing endogenous anti-MIF antibodies.
This study explores the preventive and therapeutic effects of this MIF-DNA vaccine in mouse models of AD.
Two different AD model mice (DS-Nh and NC/Nga) received MIF-DNA vaccination to analyze preventive and therapeutic effects, as assessed by clinical skin scores, histologic findings, and serum IgE levels.
In murine models of AD, MIF-DNA vaccination prevented the occurrence of the AD skin phenotype. Furthermore, administration of MIF-DNA vaccine to mice that had already developed AD produced a rapid improvement in AD skin manifestation. There were reduced histologic signs of inflammation and lower serum IgE levels in treated mice compared with those seen in control animals. Finally, passive transfer of IgG from MIF-DNA vaccinated mice to AD mice also produced a significant therapeutic effect. These results demonstrate that MIF-DNA vaccination not only prevents the development of AD but also improves the symptoms of pre-existing AD.
Taken together, the induction of an anti-MIF autoantibody response using MIF-DNA vaccination appears to be a useful approach in the treatment of AD.
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ABSTRACT: Owing to its implication in a range of pathological conditions, including asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease and cancer, the pleiotropic cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been the subject of intensive recent investigation. In the field of dermatology, MIF is believed to be a detrimental factor in diseases such as systemic sclerosis, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema and UV radiation damage. However, its contribution to other aspects of cutaneous biology is currently unclear. Although its expression in intact skin is well characterized, little is known about MIF's role in cutaneous homoeostasis. However, recent data do identify MIF as a key player in the immune privilege of hair follicles. Similarly, although MIF is rapidly released and its local expression significantly induced upon wounding, its primary role in the ensuing repair process remains a source of contention. MIF has been identified as being a key effector of the beneficial effects of estrogen on wound repair, yet studies employing Mif null mice, recombinant MIF, and neutralizing anti-MIF antibodies have failed to provide a consensus as to whether it benefits or inhibits healing. In fact MIF appears to be able to exert both positive and negative effects, with the cell-specific relevancy of MIF in wound healing still unclear. Thus, if MIF and/or its downstream targets are to be therapeutically useful in the context of cutaneous repair, more needs to be done to establish the nature and mechanism of action of MIF and its receptors in healing wounds.Experimental Dermatology 01/2011; 20(1):1-6. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that neutralization of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) by anti-MIF antibody reduces intestinal inflammation in mice. In this study we tested whether or not anti-MIF autoantibody induced by DNA vaccine targeting MIF protects mice against experimental colitis. Mice were administered a MIF-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) vaccine by introducing oligonucleotides encoding helper T epitope into the cDNA sequence of murine MIF by in vivo electroporation. Preventive effects of this method against dextran sulphate sodium-induced (DSS) colitis were evaluated. Mice administered with MIF-DNA vaccine raised values of autoantibody significantly. The clinical and histological findings of colitis induced by 3·0% DSS solution were ameliorated significantly in mice treated with MIF-DNA vaccine compared with saline or pCAGGS-treated mice given DSS. Myeloperoxidase activity, infiltration of F4/80-positive staining cells and the levels of proinflammatory cytokines were suppressed in the colon of MIF-DNA vaccine treated mice compared with saline or pCAGGS-treated mice exposed to DSS. Our results suggest that immunization with helper T epitope DNA-vaccine targeting MIF may be a useful approach for the treatment of colitis including inflammatory bowel diseases.Clinical & Experimental Immunology 11/2010; 163(1):113-22. · 3.41 Impact Factor
- 11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-722-2