Article

Frequency and function of circulating invariant NKT cells in autoimmune diabetes mellitus and thyroid diseases in Colombian patients.

Group of Immunovirology, University of Antioquia, Medellin, Colombia.
Human immunology (Impact Factor: 2.28). 05/2009; 70(4):262-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2009.01.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The frequency and functionality of peripheral blood invariant (iNKT) cells and their subsets, as well as other regulatory T-cell subsets, were evaluated in patients with type 1A diabetes mellitus (DM1), Hashimoto's disease, and Graves' disease. In addition to healthy individuals (HC), patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) were included as controls because this disease has a different physiopathology. A similar frequency of total iNKT cells, as well as their subsets, existed among HC and the different study groups. Similar results were reported when we compared the frequency of CD4(+)/CD25(high) T cells, CD8(+)/CD28(negative) T cells, and gamma-delta T cells among HC and study groups, whereas patients with DM2 exhibited a higher frequency of CD8(+)/CD28(negative) T cells compared with HC and DM1. Also, patients with DM2 exhibited a lower frequency of CD4(negative) and CD4(+) iNKT cells expressing tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) than HC. We did not observe significant differences in the frequency of iNKT cells expressing interleukin-4 or interferon-gamma among study groups and controls. Our findings support a normal frequency and function of peripheral blood iNKT cells in different endocrine autoimmune diseases, but an abnormal expression of TNF-alpha by circulating iNKT cells from patients with DM2.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Alejandro Roman-Gonzalez, Dec 15, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
113 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: iNKT cells, CD1d dependent natural killer T cells are a unique population of T cells. The capacity of iNKT cells to produce regulatory cytokines first provided an indication of their regulatory potential. Later on, in experimental models as well as in patients afflicted with an auto-immune disease, such as Type 1 diabetes mellitus, multiple sclerosis, and systemic lupus erythematosus along with others, a deficit in iNKT cell number was observed, suggesting the role these cells may possibly have in the prevention of auto-immune diseases. More importantly, experimental strategies which focused on increasing the volume or stimulation of iNKT cells in laboratory animals, demonstrated an improved level of protection against the development of auto-immune diseases. This article reviews the mechanism of protection against autoimmunity by iNKT cells, discusses the obstacles against and indications for the potential use of iNKT cell manipulation in the treatment of human auto-immune diseases.
    Cytokine 03/2011; 53(3):263-70. DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2010.11.001 · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Not Available
    Lasers and Electro-optics Europe, 1996. CLEO/Europe., Conference on; 10/1996
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are organ-specific autoimmune diseases leading to an attack of auto-aggressive lymphocytes against the pancreatic beta-cells and central nervous system, respectively. Using four-colour flow cytometry, T-lymphocyte populations having an important function in autoimmune processes were analyzed. T-regulatory cells (Treg) CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(low), T-suppressor cells (Ts) CD8(+)CD28(-), activated helper CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(+) and cytotoxic CD8(+)CD25(+) T-cells and also naive CD4(+)CD45RA(+) and memory T-cells CD4(+)CD45RO(+) were compared in the group of patients with T1D (n=30), MS (n=31) and in the group of healthy controls (n=29). Significant differences in Ts cells, activated helper and cytotoxic cells and also memory T-cells were recognized in the group of T1D patients compared to healthy controls. Ts population was significantly lowered in MS patients as well. However, no significant differences were noticed in Treg population. The observed data demonstrate significant differences among patients with T1D and MS in comparison to healthy individuals.
    Cellular Immunology 02/2010; 262(2):75-9. DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2010.02.002 · 1.87 Impact Factor

Similar Publications