Caregivers' requirements for in-home robotic agent for supporting community-living elderly subjects with cognitive impairment.
ABSTRACT Older people are an important and growing sector of the population. This demographic change raises the profile of frailty and disability within the world's population. In such conditions, many old people need aides to perform daily activities. Most of the support is given by family members who are now a new target in the therapeutic approach. With advances in technology, robotics becomes increasingly important as a means of supporting older people at home. In order to ensure appropriate technology, 30 caregivers filled out a self-administered questionnaire including questions on needs to support their proxy and requirements concerning the robotic agent's functions and modes of action. This paper points out the functions to be integrated into the robot in order to support caregivers in the care of their proxy. The results also show that caregivers have a positive attitude towards robotic agents.
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ABSTRACT: Socially assistive robotics for elderly care is a growing field. However, although robotics has the potential to support elderly in daily tasks by offering specific services, the development of usable interfaces is still a challenge. Since several factors such as age or disease-related changes in perceptual or cognitive abilities and familiarity with computer technologies influence technology use they must be considered when designing interfaces for these users. This paper presents findings from usability testing of two different services provided by a social assistive robot intended for elderly with cognitive impairment: a grocery shopping list and an agenda application. The main goal of this study is to identify the usability problems of the robot interface for target end-users as well as to isolate the human factors that affect the use of the technology by elderly. Socio-demographic characteristics and computer experience were examined as factors that could have an influence on task performance. A group of 11 elderly persons with Mild Cognitive Impairment and a group of 11 cognitively healthy elderly individuals took part in this study. Performance measures (task completion time and number of errors) were collected. Cognitive profile, age and computer experience were found to impact task performance. Participants with cognitive impairment achieved the tasks committing more errors than cognitively healthy elderly. Instead younger participants and those with previous computer experience were faster at completing the tasks confirming previous findings in the literature. The overall results suggested that interfaces and contents of the services assessed were usable by older adults with cognitive impairment. However, some usability problems were identified and should be addressed to better meet the needs and capacities of target end-users.Technology and health care: official journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine 01/2013; 21(3):217-31. DOI:10.3233/THC-130718 · 0.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: As we near a time when robots may serve a vital function by becoming caregivers, it is important to examine the ethical implications of this development. By applying the capabilities approach as a guide to both the design and use of robot caregivers, we hope that this will maximize opportunities to preserve or expand freedom for care recipients. We think the use of the capabilities approach will be especially valuable for improving the ability of impaired persons to interface more effectively with their physical and social environments. KeywordsCapabilities approach-Human flourishing-Robot ethics-Robot caregiversEthics and Information Technology 09/2010; 12(3):277-288. DOI:10.1007/s10676-010-9236-4 · 0.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Une variété de produits et services technologiques visent à répondre aux besoins de santé, d’autonomie et de sécurité des personnes âgées. Le Living Lab est une approche qui encourage la conception et le développement de solutions technologiques innovantes dans un processus de cocréation impliquant les utilisateurs et toutes les autres parties prenantes. Cet article présente l’apport de la méthodologie du Living Lab dans le développement de gérontechnologies en s’appuyant sur le cas du laboratoire LUSAGE, structure spécialisée dans la prise en charge des personnes âgées souffrant des troubles cognitifs et leurs aidants.Les cahiers de l année gérontologique 12/2012; 4(4). DOI:10.1007/s12612-012-0311-9