Morphology, anatomy and ontogeny of the fruit and seed of Tipuana tipu (Benth.) O. Kuntze (Leguminosae: Faboideae)

Revista Brasileira de Botânica 03/2001; 24(1):109-121. DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84042001000100012

ABSTRACT Frutos e sementes de Tipuana tipu foram analisados morfo-anatomicamente, durante seu desenvolvimento, objetivando descrever sua estrutura, esclarecer a origem da ala pericárpica e verificar a ocorrência de poliembrionia, hipótese levantada a partir de dados de literatura. Para tanto, preparou-se o laminário segundo técnicas convencionais e foram observados morfologicamente os embriões das sementes obtidas de 100 frutos. O fruto de T. tipu é uma sâmara, cuja ala se desenvolve a partir da região látero-apical do ovário e lateral do estilete, já estando delineada no ovário de botões florais jovens. As sementes, provenientes de óvulos bitegumentados, são unitegumentadas e testais. A testa não exibe a estrutura característica do tegumento das leguminosas, como é freqüente em espécies de frutos indeiscentes. O hilo, contudo, apresenta a típica estrutura das Faboideae. São sementes exalbuminosas, contendo embrião com eixo e cotilédones bem diferenciados. Dos 100 frutos analisados morfologicamente, 61% eram monospérmicos, 34% dispérmicos e apenas 5% trispérmicos. Do total de 144 sementes avaliadas, somente 2% eram poliembriônicas, com dois embriões por unidade.

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