Improvement of HAS-BLED bleeding score predictive capability by changing the definition of renal dysfunction in Japanese atrial fibrillation patients on anticoagulation therapy

Department of Cardiology, Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan
Journal of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.78). 05/2014; 64(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2014.03.006
Source: PubMed


Background and purpose:
Severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for hemorrhagic events in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients on anticoagulation therapy. We postulated that even moderate CKD may be a risk factor for hemorrhage and this recognition would improve predictive capabilities of hemorrhagic risk stratification models in Japanese patients.

Methods and subjects:
In this prospective study, 231 non-valvular AF patients were divided into three groups according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and followed-up for a median of 7.1 years. The clinical endpoint was a major hemorrhagic event (MHE). HAS-BLED score was calculated for the cohort and the predictive capability of the original HAS-BLED score was compared with that in which renal dysfunction was redefined as eGFR<60mL/min/1.73m(2).

Forty-four MHEs occurred during follow-up. Compared to no/mild CKD group (≥60mL/min/1.73m(2)), both moderate (30-59mL/min/1.73m(2)) and severe (<30mL/min/1.73m(2)) CKD groups had higher MHE risks (log rank: both p<0.001). MHE risk of patients with moderate CKD was more than threefold higher than the no/mild CKD group even after adjusting for other risk factors (hazard ratio 3.8, 95% confidence interval 1.7-8.7). The C-statistic in receiver-operating curve analysis was numerically but not significantly superior in modified HAS-BLED score compared to original HAS-BLED score (0.67 and 0.64, respectively; p=0.55). However, using modified HAS-BLED score was associated with significant improvement of net reclassification improvement (0.50, p=0.002) and integrated discrimination improvement (0.033, p=0.043).

Moderate CKD contributes to the risk of future major hemorrhagic events in AF patients. Modification of HAS-BLED score by changing the definition of renal failure markedly improved predictive capability.

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