[Efficacy of chemotherapy using 10-hydroxycamptothecin on recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma in children].
ABSTRACT The patients with recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma have a very poor prognosis and high mortality. 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) is a new agent extracted from comptotheca acuminate, a native plant. It has been shown to be very effective in some solid tumors such as gastric and colon cancers, lung cancers and ovary cancers. However, its efficacy in neuroblastoma has not been determined. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of HCPT in the treatment of recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma in children.
Ten children with recurrent neuroblastoma and two children with refractory neuroblastoma were treated with HCPT. Of them, 5 children with recurrent neuroblastoma were treated with HCPT alone, and the other 7 patients received combination chemotherapy of HCPT plus other agents. The HCPT alone treatment group was injected with HCPT (7.5 mg/m2 daily) for 14 consecutive days. The combination chemotherapy group was alternately treated with the modified new protocol A1 (cyclophosomide 1 200 mg/m2 on day 1, etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1-5, HCPT 5 mg/m2 on days 1-3, cisplatin 90 mg/m2 on day 4) and the modified protocol B (ifosfomide 1.5 g/m2 on days 1-5, HCPT 5 mg/m2 on days 1-3, carboplatin 450 mg/m2 on day 2).
Four patients (33.3%) achieved partial remission and 8 patients (66.7%) had stable disease. The median remission duration was 3.5 months (2-5 months). HCPT treatment as a single agent resulted in mild side effects. Myelosuppression and digestive disorders were found as the main adverse events in the combined chemotherapy group. No chemotherapy related deaths were found.
HCPT is safe and effective in the treatment of recurrent or refractory neuroblastoma. The toxicities of HCPT are tolerable. The long-term efficacy of HCPT warrants further research.