Timely cholecystectomy for acute gallstone disease: an ongoing challenge in a New Zealand provincial centre.
ABSTRACT To review the prior management of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for gallstone disease at a provincial centre over a 1-year period, with a particular focus on potentially preventable morbidity by performing index cholecystectomy (IC).
Retrospective case note review was performed for patients who underwent cholecystectomy at Hawke's Bay's hospitals between 1 March 2009 and 1 March 2010.
148 cholecystectomies were performed over the study period. Ninety-one patients (61%) were admitted acutely prior to receiving cholecystectomy. The IC rate was 15%. Seventy-seven patients who were admitted acutely could have been suitable for IC, but were discharged. These 77 patients subsequently had an additional 17 readmissions (72 bed-days), 26 ED presentations and 51 outpatient clinic (OPC) visits prior to receiving their eventual operation. Ten patients (13%) developed a complication or recurrence of their acute gallstone disease whilst awaiting surgery.
Hawke's Bay has a low rate of IC and fails to meet current international standards for timely surgical management of acute gallstone disease. A large proportion of those not operated on during their index admission re-present with further morbidity. There are significant barriers to improving these standards in a provincial centre with limited acute surgical resources.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of symptomatic recurrence following initial non-operative management of gallstone disease in the elderly and to test possible predictors. This is a single institution retrospective chart review of patients 65 years and older with an initial hospital visit (V1) for symptomatic gallstone disease, over a 4-year period. Patients with initial "non-operative" management were defined as those without surgery at V1 and without elective surgery at visit 2 (V2). Baseline characteristics included age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), diagnosis, and interventions (ERCP or cholecystostomy) at V1. Outcomes assessed over 1 year were as follows: recurrence (any ER/admission visit following V1), surgery, complications, and mortality. A survival analysis using a Cox proportional hazards model was performed to assess predictors of recurrence. There were 195 patients initially treated non-operatively at V1. Mean age was 78.3 ± 7.8 years, 45.6 % were male, and the mean CCI was 2.1 ± 1.9. At V1, 54.4 % had a diagnosis of biliary colic or cholecystitis, while 45.6 % had a diagnosis of cholangitis, pancreatitis, or choledocholithiasis. 39.5 % underwent ERCP or cholecystostomy. Excluding 10 patients who died at V1, 31.3 % of patients had a recurrence over the study period. Among these, 43.5 % had emergency surgery, 34.8 % had complications, and 4.3 % died. Median time to first recurrence was 2 months (range 6 days-4.8 months). Intervention at V1 was associated with a lower probability of recurrence (HR 0.3, CI [0.14-0.65]). One-third of elderly patients will develop a recurrence following non-operative management of symptomatic biliary disease. These recurrences are associated with significant rates of emergency surgery and morbidity. Percutaneous or endoscopic therapies may decrease the risk of recurrence.Surgical Endoscopy 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00464-015-4098-9 · 3.31 Impact Factor