MET amplification is not rare and predicts unfavorable clinical outcomes in patients with recurrent/metastatic gastric cancer after chemotherapy.
ABSTRACT Several large studies have reported an extremely low incidence of MET gene amplification (GA) in patients with radically resected gastric cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and prognostic role of MET in patients with recurrent=metastatic gastric cancer who received chemotherapy.
MET GA and protein expression of recurrent=metastatic gastric cancer samples were evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively.
This retrospective study included 232 patients with recurrent=metastatic gastric cancer. MET GA and strong protein expression(IHC31) were observed in 8.3% (19 of 230 samples) and 9.6% (22 of 229 samples) of samples, respectively. A significant correlation was observed between MET GA and protein expression (r = 0.378; P<.001). MET GA was correlated with poor performance status(P<.001) and poorly differentiated tumors (P=.0015). Both MET GA and IHC 31 expression were associated with a substantially shorter median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). The median OS and PFS for patients with MET GA versus those without MET GA were 5.7 months versus 15.5 months (P<.001) and 3.6 months versus 6.9 months (P<.001), respectively. The median OS and PFS for patients with MET IHC 31 expression versus IHC 0 to 21 expression were 6.3 months versus 15.1 months(P<.001) and 3.6 months versus 7.0 months (P<.001), respectively.
In patients with recurrent=metastatic gastric cancer,MET amplification and strong protein expression are not rare and appear to be significantly associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to investigate whether human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status, and c-MET status are independent prognostic factors for advanced gastric cancer patients who received standard chemotherapy. Unresectable or recurrent gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma treated with S-1 plus cisplatin as first-line chemotherapy were eligible. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples were examined for HER2, EGFR, and c-MET status using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Additionally, gene amplification was examined using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for HER2. Positivity was defined as an IHC score of 3+ or an IHC score of 2+/FISH positive for HER2, and an IHC score of 2+ or 3+ for both EGFR and c-MET. Of the 293 patients from nine institutions, 43 (15 %) were HER2 positive, 79 (27 %) were EGFR positive, and 120 (41 %) were c-MET positive. Ten patients (3 %) showed positive co-expression of HER2, EGFR, and c-MET. After a median follow-up time of 58.4 months with 280 deaths, there was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) in terms of HER2 and EGFR status. However, there was a significant difference in OS between c-MET-positive and c-MET-negative patients [median, 11.9 months vs 14.2 months; hazard ratio, 1.31 (95 % confidence interval, 1.03-1.67); log-rank P = 0.024]. Multivariate analysis also showed that c-MET positivity was still a prognostic factor for OS [hazard ratio, 1.30 (95 % confidence interval, 1.02-1.67); P = 0.037]. The study suggested that c-MET-positive status had poor prognostic value. These data could be used as the basis for future clinical trials for targeting agents for advanced gastric cancer patients.Gastric Cancer 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10120-015-0471-6 · 4.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer (GC) remains one of the most common types of malignant cancer, and the molecular mechanism underlying its metastasis is still largely unclear. MicroRNAs have emerged as important regulators of metastasis because of their ability to act on multiple signaling pathways. In our study, we found that miR-144 is significantly downregulated in both highly metastatic GC cell lines and tissues. Results from both gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments demonstrate that increased miR-144 expression significantly reduced GC cell migration, whereas decreased miR-144 expression dramatically enhanced GC cell migration. The met proto-oncogene (MET), which is often amplified in human cancers and functions as an important regulator of cell growth and tumor invasion, was identified as a direct target of miR-144. Moreover, silencing of MET using small interfering RNA (siRNA) recapitulated the anti-metastatic function of miR-144, whereas restoring MET expression attenuated the function of miR-144 in GC cells. Furthermore, we found that miR-144, by targeting MET, suppresses phosphorylation of Akt. Finally, we observed an inverse correlation between the expression of miR-144 and MET mRNA in GC metastatic tissues. In summary, miR-144 suppresses GC progression by directly downregulating MET expression, which subsequently prevents activation of the pro-oncogenic Akt pathway. Reintroduction of miR-144 expression in GC cells presents an attractive therapeutic approach to block the metastasis of gastric cancer.Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 04/2015; 34(1):35. DOI:10.1186/s13046-015-0154-5 · 3.27 Impact Factor