Reverse Interferon Signature Is Characteristic of Antigen-Presenting Cells in Human and Rat Spondyloarthritis
ABSTRACT In HLA-B27-transgenic rats, the development of a disorder that mimics spondyloarthritis (SpA) is highly correlated with dendritic cell (DC) dysfunction. The present study was undertaken to analyze the underlying mechanisms of this via transcriptome analysis.
Transcriptome analysis of ex vivo-purified splenic CD103+CD4+ DCs from B27-transgenic rats and control rats was performed. Transcriptional changes in selected genes were confirmed by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. A meta-analysis of our rat data and published data on gene expression in macrophages from ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients was further performed.
Interferon (IFN) signaling was the most significantly affected pathway in DCs from B27-transgenic rats; the majority of genes connected to IFN were underexpressed in B27-transgenic rats as compared to controls. This pattern was already present at disease onset, persisted over time, and was conserved in 2 disease-prone B27-transgenic rat lines. In DCs from B27-transgenic rats, we further found an up-regulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (which may account for reverse IFN signaling) and a down-regulation of interleukin-27 (a cytokine that opposes Th17 differentiation and promotes Treg cells). The meta-analysis of data on conventional DCs from rats and data on monocyte-derived macrophages from humans revealed 7 IFN-regulated genes that were negatively regulated in both human and rat SpA (i.e., IRF1, STAT1, CXCL9, CXCL10, IFIT3, DDX60, and EPSTI1).
Our results suggest that expression of HLA-B27 leads to a defect in IFNγ signaling in antigen-presenting cells in both B27-transgenic rats and SpA patients, which may result in Th17 expansion and Treg cell alteration (as shown in B27-transgenic rats) and contribute to disease pathogenesis.
- Arthritis and Rheumatology 04/2014; 66(4):783-5. DOI:10.1002/art.38316
- Clinical Rheumatology 05/2014; 33(6). DOI:10.1007/s10067-014-2659-2 · 1.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ObjectiveHLA-B27/human β2-microglobulin (hβ2m)-transgenic (B27-transgenic) rats develop an inflammatory disorder resembling spondyloarthritis, with accumulation of proinflammatory Th17 cells. Because Treg cells and Th17 cells have opposing effects in inflammatory disorders, we sought to determine whether biased expansion of Th17 cells could result from altered Treg cell frequency and/or function in B27-transgenic rats.Methods We characterized the phenotype and function of Treg cells from B27-transgenic rats in comparison with those from control rats, by examining their expression of cell surface markers, suppressive activity, cytokine production, and differentiation pattern.ResultsIn B27-transgenic rats, the preferential accumulation of CD4+ Teff cells over Treg cells was not associated with a defect in Treg cell differentiation or suppressive activity. The expression of Treg cell markers was similar between B27-transgenic and control rats, with the exception of the inducible costimulator (ICOS) molecule, which was overexpressed in B27-transgenic rats. High levels of ICOS are considered to be a hallmark of Treg cells with heightened suppressive activity and interleukin-10 (IL-10) expression. Paradoxically, the production of IL-10 by Treg cells was reduced in B27-transgenic rats, whereas the production of IL-17 was enhanced. Moreover, the addition of anti-ICOS monoclonal antibodies during Treg cell differentiation in the presence of dendritic cells from B27-transgenic rats reversed this cytokine profile, restoring the balance between IL-10 and IL-17 in Treg cells from B27-transgenic rats.Conclusion We observed dysregulated production of IL-10 and IL-17 by Treg cells from B27-transgenic rats, which may contribute to disease development. Moreover, our data highlight a key role for ICOS signaling in the generation of imbalanced production of IL-10 and IL-17 by Treg cells in this experimental model of spondyloarthritis.Arthritis and Rheumatology 06/2014; 66(9). DOI:10.1002/art.38737