Safety & Efficacy of Boceprevir/Peginterferon/Ribavirin for HCV G1 Compensated Cirrhotics: Meta-Analysis of 5 Trials.
ABSTRACT HCV-infected cirrhotics may urgently need therapy but are often under-represented in clinical trials resulting in limited data to guide their management. We performed a meta-analysis of well-compensated cirrhotic patients from five Phase 3 trials.
Patients received P/R (peginterferon/ribavirin; 4 weeks) followed by BOC(boceprevir)/P/R or P/R for 24, 32 or 44 weeks. Sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were calculated by Metavir score. Multivariate logistic regression (MLR) models identified baseline and on-treatment predictors of SVR. Safety was evaluated by adverse-event (AE) reporting and laboratory monitoring.
Pooled meta-estimates for SVR rates (95% confidence interval) in 212 F4 (cirrhotic) patients were 55% (43, 66) with BOC/P/R vs.17% (0, 41) with P/R. MLR identified 4 predictors of SVR in F3/F4 patients: undetectable HCV-RNA at treatment week (TW) 8; ⩾1 log10 decline in HCV-RNA from baseline at TW4; male; and baseline HCV-RNA ⩽800,000 IU/mL. SVR rate was 89% (65/73) in F4 patients who were HCV-RNA undetectable at TW8. No F3(0/5) or F4(0/17) patients with <3 log10 decline and detectable HCV-RNA at TW8 achieved SVR. Anemia and diarrhea occurred more frequently in cirrhotic than non-cirrhotic patients. Serious AEs, discontinuations due to an AE, interventions to manage anemia, infections and thrombocytopenia occurred more frequently in cirrhotics with BOC/P/R than P/R. Potential hepatic decompensation and/or sepsis were identified in 2 P/R and 3 BOC/P/R recipients.
BOC/P/R appears to have a generally favorable benefit-risk profile in compensated cirrhotic patients. SVR rates were particularly high in cirrhotic patients with undetectable HCV-RNA at TW8.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the safety/efficacy of Boceprevir-based triple therapy in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-G1 menopausal women who were historic relapsers, partial-responders and null-responders. In this single-assignment, unblinded study, we treated fifty-six menopausal women with HCV-G1, 46% F3-F4, and previous PEG-α/RBV failure (7% null, 41% non-responder, and 52% relapser) with 4 wk lead-in with PEG-IFNα2b/RBV followed by PEG-IFNα2b/RBV+Boceprevir for 32 wk, with an additional 12 wk of PEG-IFN-α-2b/RBV if patients were HCV-RNA-positive by week 8. In previous null-responders, 44 wk of triple therapy was used. The primary objective of retreatment was to verify whether a sustained virological response (SVR) (HCV RNA undetectable at 24 wk of follow-up) rate of at least 20% could be obtained. The secondary objective was the evaluation of the percent of patients with negative HCV RNA at week 4 (RVR), 8 (RVR BOC), 12 (EVR), or at the end-of-treatment (ETR) that reached SVR. To assess the relationship between SVR and clinical and biochemical parameters, multiple logistic regression analysis was used. After lead-in, only two patients had RVR; HCV-RNA was unchanged in all but 62% who had ≤ 1 log10 decrease. After Boceprevir, HCV RNA became undetectable at week 8 in 32/56 (57.1%) and at week 12 in 41/56 (73.2%). Of these, 53.8% and 52.0%, respectively, achieved SVR. Overall, SVR was obtained in 25/56 (44.6%). SVR was achieved in 55% previous relapsers vs. 41% non-responders (P = 0.250), in 44% F0-F2 vs 54% F3-F4 (P = 0.488), and in 11/19 (57.9%) of patients with cirrhosis. At univariate analysis for baseline predictors of SVR, only previous response to antiviral therapy (OR = 2.662, 95%CI: 0.957-6.881, P = 0.043), was related with SVR. When considering "on treatment" factors, 1 log10 HCV RNA decline at week 4 (3.733, 95%CI: 1.676-12.658, P = 0.034) and achievement of RVR BOC (7.347, 95%CI: 2.156-25.035, P = 0.001) were significantly related with the SVR, although RVR BOC only (6.794, 95%CI: 1.596-21.644, P = 0.010) maintained significance at multivariate logistic regression analysis. Anemia and neutropenia were managed with Erythropoietin and Filgrastim supplementation, respectively. Only six patients discontinued therapy. Boceprevir obtained high SVR response independent of previous response, RVR or baseline fibrosis or cirrhosis. RVR BOC was the only independent predictor of SVR.World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 11/2014; 20(44):16726-33.