Utilization of emergency and hospital services among individuals in substance abuse treatment

Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy (Impact Factor: 1.16). 04/2014; 9(1):16. DOI: 10.1186/1747-597X-9-16
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine risk factors for use of hospital services among racial and ethnic minority clients in publicly funded substance abuse treatment in Los Angeles County, California. We explored cross-sectional annual data (2006 to 2009) from the Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System for adult participants (n¿=¿73,251) who received services from treatment programs (n¿=¿231).
This retrospective analysis of county admission data relied on hierarchical linear negative binomial regression models to explore number of hospital visits, accounting for clients nested in programs. Client data were collected during personal interviews at admission.
Our findings support previous work that noted increased use of emergency rooms among individuals suffering from mental health- and substance use-related issues and extend the knowledge base by highlighting other important features such as treatment need, i.e., residential compared to outpatient treatment.
These findings have implications for health care policy in terms of the need to increase prevention services and reduce costly hospitalization for a population at significant risk of co-occurring mental and physical disorders.

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