Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Road Traffi c Regulations Among University Students, Malaysia

The International Medical Journal Malaysia 09/2010; Volume 9 Number 2, December 2010.

ABSTRACT were associated with numerous problems each of which needed to be addressed separately. 5,6 Humans, vehicle and environmental factors play roles before, during and after the accident event. Human error is estimated to account for between 64 and 95% of all causes of traffi c crashes in developing countries. 7 Reported from developed nations indicated that the use of seat belts is one of the most effective ways to reduce road accident fatalities. 8,9 Other studies have shown that when a road accident occurs, the use of the seat belt prevents certain types of injuries to ve-hicle occupants or mitigates their severity. 10-12 Safety seat belts are preventive measures from mortality because they restrain the body in the original posi-tion to a seat which has proved to reduce the risk of fatal injury to front-seat passengers by 45% and the risk of moderate to critical injury by 50%. The seat belt also helps the driver to control the vehicle in a crash situation as it holds the passenger in place. Serious injuries occurring to passengers in motor ve-hicles are often caused by people being thrown into each other during a crash. 13 If a person does not wear the seat belt, that particular person could be thrown from his or her vehicle; through the windshield or door into trees, telephone poles or rocks, or run over by their own or someone else's car. Another reason ABSTRACT Introduction: Each year, more than 20 million people are injured and 1.17 million are killed due to road traffi c accidents. Developing countries account for over 85% of the deaths, and close to 90% of the disability caused by road traffi c crashes worldwide. The objectives of this study were to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practice and the factors infl uencing university students in Malaysia concerning road traffi c accident. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among the students of Management and Science University, Malaysia. The questionnaire was distributed randomly to the students of the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 13, T-test and ANOVA. Results: The total number of 109 students with the mean age of 20.94±1.89 years participated in this study. Approximately 39 (35.7%) of the participant had been involved in one or more than one road traffi c accident. About 93.6% of them were very strongly/strongly convinced of seat belts importance. Multivariate analysis using the multiple linear regression method showed that age and attitude were signifi cantly associated with the exposure to the accident. Conclusion: The study participants had moderate knowledge about road traffi c regulations and most of them mentioned that high speed, drivers' lack of awareness about traffi c regulation and laws, and drivers' non-compliance with traffi c rules and regulation were the most important cause of road traffi c accidents. Almost all students were very strongly/strongly convinced of seatbelts importance. Age and attitude were signifi cantly associated with the exposure to the accident.

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    ABSTRACT: The UN general assembly has declared 2011-2020 as the "Decade of Action for Road Safety". The declaration holds significance because road traffic accidents (RTAs) have become a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially among the adults and middle aged individuals who constitute economically most productive age groups of society. The importance of knowledge and practice of road safety measures needs to be emphasized in the prevention of RTAs. The present study is aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of road safety measures among the students of a medical college in coastal, South India. A total of 260 medical students were included in this cross-sectional study. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the relevant information from the participants. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 11.5. Out of the 260 participants, 149 (57.3%) were females and 111 (42.7%) were males. The overall awareness on road safety measures was slightly higher among females (20.6%) than males (19.9%). The participants had significantly low awareness with regard to alcohol and driving (4.2%), use of seat belts (20%) and use of mobile phones without hands free device (6.1%). The participants had a better knowledge about traffic signs and more than half of them identified all the signs correctly. With regard to the road safety practices, 25% were involved in drunken driving in the past one year. The practice of using mobile phones with hands free devices while driving was admitted by 20% of them. Nearly two-third participants (68%) admitted to have crossed speed limits on multiple occasions. Observations of the study emphasize on the need to generate awareness among medical students through training and IEC activities to curb the epidemic of RTAs.
    Journal of forensic and legal medicine 05/2013; 20(4):226-9.

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