Pelagia benovici sp. nov. (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa): a new jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea

Zootaxa (Impact Factor: 1.06). 05/2014; 3794(3):455-468. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3794.3.7

ABSTRACT A bloom of an unknown semaestome jellyfish species was recorded in the North Adriatic Sea from
September 2013 to early 2014. Morphological analysis of several specimens showed distinct
differences from other known semaestome species in the Mediterranean Sea and unquestionably
identified them as belonging to a new pelagiid species within genus Pelagia. The new species, is
morphologically distinct from P. noctiluca, currently the only recognized valid species in the genus,
and from other doubtful Pelagia species recorded from other areas of the world. Molecular analyses
of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and nuclear 28S ribosomal DNA genes
corroborate its specific distinction from P. noctiluca and other pelagiid taxa, supporting the
monophyly of Pelagiidae. Thus, we describe Pelagia benovici sp. nov. Piraino, Aglieri, Scorrano &

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Jun 5, 2014