Sexual dysfunction in infertile couples: Evaluation and treatment of infertility

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association (Impact Factor: 0.41). 02/2014; 64(2):138-45.
Source: PubMed


To evaluate the diagnostic and the predictive value of Arizona Sexual Experience Scale among primary infertile couples regarding sexual dysfunction.
The cross-sectional and prospective pre, post study comprising primary infertile patients was carried out at Bulent Ecevit University Hospital, Zonguldak, Turkey. Fifty consecutive primary infertile couples not treated previously were investigated between 2003 and 2007 for the presence of sexual dysfunction by a psychiatrist. Arizona Sexual Experience Scale scoring was self-administered to determine sexual dysfunction among couples before treatment and also 3 months after the initiation of the treatment.
Pretreatment mean values of the index parametres in both women and men were significantly increased after treatment. Statistically significant positive correlation was observed between pre- and post-treatment total scores in both women (r = 0.83; p < .001) and men (r = 0.92; p < .001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed optimum cut-offs of pre- and post-treatment scores in women were were > 14 (Sensitivity: 57%; Specificity: 90%) and > 13 (Sensitivity: 83%; Specificity: 93%), respectively. Pre- and post-treatment scores in men were > 10 (Sensitivity: 65%; Specificity: 61%), > 11 (Sensitivity: 83%; Specificity: 62%), respectively. Binary logistic regression analyses revealed women's pre-treatment and post-treatment scores as a significant factor for prediction of sexual dysfunction independent of sociodemographic factors (p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively).
Evaluation and treatment of infertility is an important risk factor for sexual dyfunction. Pre- and posttreatment Arizona Sexual Experience Scale score could be used as a screening test for sexual dysfunction and might be used to decide pre/post-treatment consultation of couples with a specialist.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Assess the state of the art on the relationship between infertility and the sexual function of couples. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, Lilacs, and Google Scholar databases were searched for articles that assessed the sexual function of infertile couples (IC). Recent patents on this subject were assessed. STUDY SELECTION: Quantitative studies published in the English language (case-control, cross-sectional, cohort, multicenter, observational studies, randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, systematic reviews) that used structured and semi-structured questionnaires for quantitative assessment of the sexual function of infertile couples were identified using the search terms: "infertile couple" and "sexuality", "sexual dysfunction", "sexual function", "sexual disorder", "hypoactive sexual desire". DATA EXTRACTION: One researcher identified 12 studies, and extracted data on 1871 IC. Five studies used different instruments to assess different aspects of sexual function and 7 studies assessed sexual function based on sub-domains of instruments used to evaluate marital relationships. DATA SYNTHESIS: Incongruent results due to different objectives and methodologies, the lack of specific questionnaires to assess sexual function, and uncontrolled social and relationship variables that could have interfered with sexual function were evident in most studies. CONCLUSION: The lack of standardized methodology or validated tools in most studies prevents to establish the impact of infertility on the sexual function of IC.
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