Calibration-free absolute quantification of particle concentration by statistical analyses of photoacoustic signals in vivo
ABSTRACT Currently, laser fluence calibration is typically required for quantitative measurement of particle concentration in photoacoustic imaging. Here, we present a calibration-free method to quantify the absolute particle concentration by statistically analyzing photoacoustic signals. The proposed method is based on the fact that Brownian motion induces particle count fluctuation in the detection volume. If the count of particles in the detection volume is assumed to follow the Poisson distribution, its expected value can be calculated by the photoacoustic signal mean and variance. We first derived a theoretical model for photoacoustic signals. Then, we applied our method to quantitative measurement of different concentrations of various particles, including red blood cells. Finally, we performed in vivo experiments to demonstrate the potential of our method in biological applications. The experimental results agreed well with the predictions from the theoretical model suggesting that our method can be used for noninvasive measurement of absolute particle concentrations in deep tissue without fluence calibration.
- SourceAvailable from: Konstantin Maslov[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We developed handheld photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) to detect melanoma and determine tumor depth in nude mice in vivo. Compared to our previous PAM system for melanoma imaging, a new light delivery mechanism is introduced to improve light penetration. We show that melanomas with 4.1 and 3.7 mm thicknesses can be successfully detected in phantom and in in vivo experiments, respectively. With its deep melanoma imaging ability and handheld design, this system can be tested for clinical melanoma diagnosis, prognosis, and surgical planning for patients at the bedside.Optics Letters 08/2014; 39(16). DOI:10.1364/OL.39.004731 · 3.18 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is a hybrid imaging modality that takes advantage of high optical contrast brought by optical imaging and high spatial resolution brought by ultrasound imaging. However, the quantification in photoacoustic imaging is challenging. Multiple optical illumination approach has proven to achieve uncoupling of diffusion and absorption effects. In this paper, this protocol is adopted and synthetic photoacoustic data, blurred with some noise, were generated. The influence of the distribution of optical sources and transducers on the reconstruction of the absorption and diffusion coefficients maps is studied. Specific situations with limited view angles were examined. The results show multiple illuminations with a wide field improve the reconstructions.Biomedical Optics Express 11/2014; 5(11). DOI:10.1364/BOE.5.003960 · 3.50 Impact Factor
- Journal of Biomedical Optics 03/2015; 20(3):36007. DOI:10.1117/1.JBO.20.3.036007 · 2.75 Impact Factor