[Interest of evaluation of teaching in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery]
The aim of this work is to reflect on different teaching methods can be used in a surgical teaching and its assessment methods. TWO sessions of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) have been proposed, the first before all education, the second after education in order to assess its impact on knowledge. Script Concordance Test (SCT) will replace the traditional interactive case report. Eighteen participants (Group 1) completed both sessions of MCQ: 9 residents (R), 2 equivalent resident (ER), 4 Clinical Fellow (CF), 1 Professor (Pr) and 2 senior surgeons (SS). Sixteen participants (group 2) were present at the first session of MCQ: 6 R, 1 ER, 4 CF, 2 Pr, 2 SS and 1 indeterminate status. Finally, 12 participants (group 3) were present at the second session: 6 R, 1 ER, 1 CF, 1 SS and 3 indeterminate status. The results of"seniors" in Group 1 were higher than those of "juniors" at the first session. MCQ results for the second session were higher in the subgroup CF. A more marked progression in knowledge was observed in resident and Clinical Fellow. Finally, the score obtained by the group 3 was lower than in group 1. The format of the MCQ was particularly heterogeneous. The SCT will help to assess the capacity of decision making in a context of uncertainty (as unexpected surgery requiring quick decisions with immediate effect, surgical strategy in an unusual clinical situation). The different tools available would allow the establishment of an evaluation of teaching, but also to assess the development of thinking skills in situations of uncertainty. Their implementation will take place with the participation and support of the largest number of teachers in our specialty.
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